Yoder Furniture Works manufactures a high-quality, wooden rocker-recliner.

| March 31, 2017

Question
Yoder Furniture Works

Yoder Furniture Works manufactures a high-quality, wooden rocker-recliner. A key differentiating feature of this rocker-recliner is the ease with which a hand-operated lever raises and lowers the footrest. Yoder left the prototype phase and began commercial production on January 1, 2015. A retired accountant of the founder, Steve Yoder, maintained the accounting records on a temporary basis through January 31, 2015. Now, Yoder is searching for a replacement. Potential candidates are being asked to evaluate the information from the first month of commercial operation as follows:

Cost information

Administrative expenses

$22,000

Advertising expenses

11,700

Cash account balance, January 1, 2015

0

Depreciation on production equipment and factory building

2,000

Depreciation on administrative offices

750

Insurance on production equipment and factory building

1,700

Administrative supplies expense

550

Property taxes on production equipment and factory building

425

Sales commissions

18,700

Utilities for production equipment and factory building

1,650

Wages paid to production workers

67,800

Direct materials inventory, January 1, 2015

0

Direct materials inventory, January 31, 2015

0

Direct materials purchases during January 2015

83,400

Work in process inventory, January 1, 2015

0

Work in process inventory, January 31, 2015

0

Finished goods inventory, January 1, 2015

0

Production and sales information

Units produced during January 2015

600

Units sold during January 2015

490

Sales price per unit

$500

Based on the above information, answer the following questions:

1. Classify costs as either product costs or period costs using the format shown below. Enter the dollar amount for each cost in the appropriate column and total each classification.

Item

Product Costs

Period Costs

Direct Materials

Direct Labor

Manufacturing Overhead

2. Classify costs as either variable costs or fixed costs. Assume there are no mixed costs. Enter the dollar amount for each cost in the appropriate column and total each classification. Use the format shown below. Assume that Utilities for production equipment and factory building are a fixed cost

Item

Variable Costs

Fixed Costs

Total Costs

3. Prepare a schedule of cost of goods manufactured for the month of January 2015.

4. Determine the per-unit cost of producing a chair.

5. Identify the type of product costing system that is probably using at this time. How did you make this determination?

6. Would you recommend that Yoder use a different product costing system? Why or why not?

7. Determine the per-unit variable cost of a chair.

8. Determine the per-unit contribution margin and the contribution margin percentage.

9. Determine the breakeven point in units and in sales dollars.

10. Prepare flexible budgets for manufacturing costs for activity levels of 700 and 800 chairs per month.

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