XYZ Company’s December 31, 2015, trial balance is as follows

| October 9, 2016

Question
XYZ Company’s December 31, 2015, trial balance is as follows:

XYZ Company
Trial Balance
December 31, 2015
Account
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Notes Receivable
Merchandise Inventory
Land
Building
Accumulated Depreciation, Building
Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation, Equipment
Goodwill
Accounts Payable
Long-Term Notes Payable
Common Stock, $10 par, 2,000 shares authorized and outstanding
Retained Earnings
Sales Revenue
Salaries Expense
Utilities Expense
Cost of Goods Sold
Administrative Expenses
Sales Expenses
Totals

Debit
$ 43,500
53,500
1,500
30,000
55,000
20,000
150,000

Credit

$ 15,000
50,000
21,000
26,000
25,000
75,000
20,000
147,000
700,000
150,000
3,500
350,000
55,000
15,000 _______
$1,003,00 $1,003,00
0
0

XYZ is a small company and records adjusting entries and closing entries only at fiscal (calendar) year end. Correcting and adjusting entries have not
been recorded.
Additional Information:
a. Notes Receivable is a 3-month, 6% note accepted on November 1, 2015.
b. Long-Term Notes Payable is a 5-year, 5% note that was signed on July 1, 2015. Interest is payable annually.
c. Building is depreciated at 3% per year. There is no salvage value.
d. Equipment is depreciated at 15% per year. There is no salvage value.
e. XYZ discovered, on December 30, that the inexperienced bookkeeper recorded in the general journal and general ledger that day’s $1,500
cash sales as a debit to Accounts Receivable and a credit to Sales Revenue.

f. The year-end physical count for Merchandise Inventory reflected a value of $51,500. Any difference in value will not be considered theft or
loss.
g. Salaries for the last half of December, payable in January, amount to $5,500.
h. XYZ estimates that of the Accounts Receivable, 5% will not be collectable.
Required:
a. Prepare in journal form, any required correcting entries.
b. Prepare in journal form, all end-of-the-period adjusting entries.
c. Prepare a December adjusted trial balance.
d. Prepare a classified balance sheet for the year ended December 31, 2015.
e. Prepare in journal form, the closing entries for the year ended December 31, 2015.
Question 1 options:

Question 2 (8 points)

XYZ Company uses the period method and had the following inventory events during January:

Units
Purchased
150
225

Date
Jan. 1
Jan. 5
Jan.
10
Jan.
15
Jan.
20
Jan.
25
Jan.
30

100
150
200

Unit
Date
Cost
$7.00Jan. 2
7.20Jan. 7
Jan.
7.50
12
Jan.
7.80
17
Jan.
7.95
24

150

Unit Sales
Price
$10.00
10.00

75

12.00

200

12.50

150

15.00

8.00

75

Units
Sold
100
125

8.20

Note: The January 1 amounts were the beginning inventory and unit value.
(Round all total dollar values to the nearest dollar. Round all unit values to the nearest penny.)
Required:
a. Calculate the cost of goods available for sale.
b. Calculate the dollar value of sales.
c. Calculate the value of Ending Inventory and Cost of Goods Sold under the following independent assumptions:
(1) LIFO method

(2) FIFO method
(3) Average-cost method
Question 2 options:

Question 3 (7 points)

Required: Prepare Acme Supply Company’s general journal entries for the following transactions:

Accepted RunTimeCo’s 120-day, 10% note as settlement of an outstanding $15,000
account receivable for goods sold last year.

Jan. 1

Jan.
Purchased $10,000 Equipment from XYZ, signing a 9-month, 12% note.
15
Jan.
Loaned Warner Co. $30,000 cash, accepting a 90-day, 10% note.
15
Jan.
Prepared accrual adjusting entry for any interest revenue.
31
Apr.
Received payment in full from Warner Co. for outstanding note and interest.
15
May 1 Received payment in full from RunTimeCo for outstanding note and interest.
Oct.
Paid XYZ in full.
15
Question 3 options:

Question 4 (9 points)

XYZ Company purchased a refrigerated delivery truck for $65,000 on January 1, 2015. The plan is to use the truck for 5 years and then replace it. At
the end of its useful life, the truck is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000. The fiscal year ends December 31.
a. Prepare the depreciation table for XYZ’s truck, assuming that the company uses the straight-line method for depreciation.
b. Prepare the depreciation table for XYZ’s truck, assuming that the company uses the double-declining-balance depreciation method.
c. Compute the depreciation expense for 2015 for XYZ’s truck, assuming the truck has an expected life of 200,000 miles and during 2015 the
truck was driven 24,540 miles. Round your depreciation expense per mile to three decimal places.
Question 4 options:

Question 5 (7 points)

Acme Company has a January 15 mid-month gross salaries expense of $25,000. All is subject to FICA Social Security (6.2%), FICA Medicare (1.45%),
state income tax (5%) and federal income tax (15%) withholdings. Additionally, all is subject to employer taxes to include FUTA (0.8%) and SUTA
(5.4%) taxes. (Round all calculations to the nearest penny.)
Required:
a. Prepare the general journal entry to record the employer’s payroll liability.
b. Prepare the general journal entry to record the employer’s payroll-tax liability.

c. Prepare the general journal entry to liquidate the liabilities accrued in parts (a) and (b) on January 22.
Question 5 options:

Question 6 (4 points)

At the end of the fiscal 2015 year, Acme Company has the following information: Credit Sales, $2,500,000; Sales Returns and Allowances, $25,000;
Accounts Receivable, $200,000; and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts with a Debit, $1,500.
Required:
a. Prepare the general journal entry to record the end-of-the-year adjusting entry if Acme uses 0.5% of Net Credit Sales as the basis for
determining Bad-Debt Expense.
b. Prepare the general journal entry to record the end-of-the-year adjusting entry if Acme uses 5% of Accounts Receivable

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