Which of the following is a function of modern-day

| August 14, 2017

Question 1.1. (TCO 1) Which of the following is a function of modern-day psychologists? (Points : 2)Read your thoughtsStudy conformityStudy the futureStudy how the positions of planets influence a person’s personalityQuestion 2.2. (TCO 1) Which of the following is the BEST example of psychology’s goal of describing behavior? (Points : 2)Giving an interest-inventory (test) at a college counseling center to determine what career or college choices would best suit a studentConducting an experiment to determine if watching violent cartoons increases aggressive behavior in preschoolersVideotaping an intersection with four-way stop signs and measuring the ratio of complete to incomplete stops made by driversSending first-time drug offenders to an inpatient treatment program rather than to jailQuestion 3.3. (TCO 1) Most practicing psychologists earn degrees in the area of _____. (Points : 2)educational psychologyschool psychologyclinical psychologycognitive psychologyQuestion 4.4. (TCO 1) _____ investigates how mental processes help people adapt to their environment. (Points : 2)StructuralismGestaltCognitive processingFunctionalismQuestion 5.5. (TCO 1) Dr. Watson, from the _____ school of psychology, focused on objective, observable behavior rather than on the unconscious. (Points : 2)behaviorismcognitivedevelopmentalconditionalQuestion 6.6. (TCO 1) Behaviorists were different conceptually from earlier psychologists and (Points : 2)rejected the practice of introspection.rejected the influence of unconscious forces.believed classical conditioning only applied to animals such as Pavlov’s dogs.A and BQuestion 7.7. (TCO 1) A state of self-fulfillment all individuals naturally strive to develop and move toward, according to Abraham Maslow, is called _____. (Points : 2)self satisfactionjoyself actualizationaccomplishmentQuestion 8.8. (TCO 1) The model that likens the mind to a computer that sequentially takes in information, processes it, and then produces a response is called the _____. (Points : 2)stepwise modelinformation processing modelcognitive processing modelreasoning approachQuestion 9.9. (TCO 2) Basic research is BEST defined as research that _____. (Points : 2)is basic to one field onlyadvances scientific knowledgeis done to get a grade or a tenured teaching positionsolves basic problems encountered by humans and animals in a complex worldQuestion 10.10. (TCO 2) Someone interested in studying the effects of text messaging rather than talking on the phone on the quality of friendships would perform _____ as the first step in order to follow the scientific method. (Points : 2)forming a testable hypothesisdeveloping a theoryreviewing the literature of existing theoriesdesigning a studyQuestion 11.11. (TCO 2) If a psychology teacher lets students earn extra credit by volunteering for research, he or she is ethically required to _____. (Points : 2)volunteer for a study himself or herselfprovide an alternative extra credit activity of equal valuehelp conduct the study himself or herselfAll of the aboveQuestion 12.12. (TCO 2) _____ research observes and records behaviors without manipulating variables or producing causal explanations. (Points : 2)DescriptiveEmpiricalIndependentDependentQuestion 13.13. (TCO 2) Which scientific method of research would be used if a college student running for student body president was trying to determine whether to emphasize campus security, improve parking facilities, or increase health services in his or her campaign? (Points : 2)A case studyNaturalistic observationAn experimentA surveyQuestion 14.14. (TCO 2) In experiments, _____ variables are selected and manipulated by the experimenter. (Points : 2)independentinterveningcontrolleddependentQuestion 15.15. (TCO 2) One of the BEST ways to deal with ethnocentrism in scientific research is to _____. (Points : 2)create culturally diverse research review committeesprovide cultural sensitivity training to all researchersuse cross-cultural samplingignore it because cultural universals are more prevalent than cultural specificsQuestion 16.16. (TCO 2) Which of the following is an example of a zero correlation? (Points : 2)The relationship between your grades and how much time you spend studyingThe relationship between your alcohol consumption and physical reaction timeThe relationship between intensity of rain and umbrella useThe relationship between your adult height and intelligenceQuestion 17.17. (TCO 3) Evidence for _____ can be found when adopted children’s behavior resembles their adopted family’s behavior. (Points : 2)predominance of nurturepredominance of natureinteracting contributions of nature and nurtureequal contributions of nature and nurtureQuestion 18.18. (TCO 3) The basic units of the brain and the rest of your nervous system are the _____. (Points : 2)neuronsneurotransmitterssynapsesmyelinQuestion 19.19. (TCO 3) One important difference between a mylinated and bare axon is _____. (Points : 2)the neural impulse is faster in the mylinated axonthe neural impulse is faster in the bare axononly the bare axons have nodesthe bare axons are heavierQuestion 20.20. (TCO 3) What part(s) of the cell receive incoming messages? (Points : 2)Axons and cell bodyDendrites aloneDendrites and cell bodyAxonsQuestion 21.21. (TCO 3) Chemical messengers that are released by axons and stimulate dendrites on another neuron are called _____. (Points : 2)chemical messengersneurotransmitterssynaptic transmittersneuromessengersQuestion 22.22. (TCO 3) If you run a marathon, your body will release _____ to elevate your mood and reduce your pain. (Points : 2)lactic acidepinephrinenorepinephrineendorphinsQuestion 23.23. (TCO 3) One of the hormones released by the adrenal glands in response to stress is _____. (Points : 2)cortisolserotonindopamineGABAQuestion 24.24. (TCO 3) The difference between neurons in the PNS and neurons in the CNS is _____. (Points : 2)damage to the PNS neurons is more often fatalneurons in the PNS can regeneratedamage to PNS neurons is usually irreversibleBoth A and CQuestion 25.25. (TCO 3) The spinal cord is found inside the spinal column and is involved in _____. (Points : 2)initiating voluntary behaviorthe release of hormones bodyhigher order cognitive functioningcoordinating reflexesQuestion 26.26. (TCO 3) The autonomic nervous system is responsible for _____. (Points : 2)connecting the CNS with the skeletal musclesthe somatic and parasomatic nervous systemregulation of the heart muscle and other involuntary functionslinking the body with the sense organsQuestion 27.27. (TCO 3) After arguing with her husband over dinner, Sue developed a stomach ache. This was probably because _____. (Points : 2)her sympathetic nervous system activated and shut down digestion during the argumenther parasympathetic nervous system activated and shut down digestion during the argumenther endocrine system sent out too many hormones to her stomachher central nervous system signaled for too much acid to be produced in her stomachQuestion 28.28. (TCO 3) Many symptoms of schizophrenia, like hearing voices, misunderstanding social cues, and misinterpreting sensory information could be due to abnormalities in the _____. (Points : 2)reticular formationhypothalamusthalamusAll of the aboveQuestion 29.29. (TCO 3) Which of the following is a characteristic of the cerebral cortex? (Points : 2)It involves emotions and memory.It controls both autonomic and voluntary behavior.It regulates reflexive behavior.It is responsible for higher mental processes.Question 30.30. (TCO 3) This part of the cerebrum interprets bodily sensations. (Points : 2)Posterior lobeAnterior lobeParietal lobeTemporal lobe

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