Which level of conceptualization focuses on the relationship

| September 13, 2018

Chapter 11. Which level of conceptualization focuses on the relationship between a leader and another individual?a. intra-individual processesb. dyadic processesc. group processesd. organizational processes2. Which of the following variables would be considered a characteristic of the follower?a. behaviorb. influence tacticsc. size of the unitd. task commitment and effort3. Which of the following did Kotter (1990) use in referring to a manager’s duties as compared to a leader’s duties?a. developing a vision of the futureb. communicating and explaining a vision of the futurec. monitoring results and solving problemsd. motivating and inspiring people4. Which of the following research approaches emphasize attributes of the leader such as personality, motives, values, and skills?a. trait approachb. behavior approachc. situational approachd. integrative approach?5. Someone who feels that leadership is a process occurring naturally within a social system would view leadership asa. a specialized roleb. an influence processc. a managerial functiond. an administrative function6. Before the 1980s, it was uncommon for leadership theories to recognize which of the following as a basis for influence?a. rational processesb. cognitive processesc. emotional processesd. behavioral processesChapter 27. Which of the following would NOT be considered accurate regarding the nature of managerial work?a. content of the work is varied and fragmentedb. many activities are reactivec. most interactions involve written communicationsd. decision processes are disorderly and political8. Which of the following is considered one of Mintzberg’s decision-making roles?a. entrepreneurb. disseminatorc. leaderd. monitor9. What criticism of Mintzberg’s managerial roles is addressed in Stewart’s model of demands, constraints, and choices?a. Stewart expanded the taxonomy of managerial rolesb. Mintzberg used surveys only to determine what a manager does.c. Stewart incorporated job specific role requirementsd. Stewart disregarded situational determinants of leader behavior10. New strategies for an organization must be identified in which of the following stages in the organizational life cycle?a. birth stageb. growth stagec. maturity staged. decline stage11. Which one of the following is NOT one of the four primary processes in managing as described in the text?a. decision makingb. exchanging informationc. influencingd. supervising12. In the Acme Manufacturing Case, which of the following guidelines for managing time did Steve NOT violate?a. conquering procrastinationb. looking for connections among problemsc. avoiding unnecessary activities.d. planning daily and weekly activitiesChapter 313. According to the Ohio State leadership study, a leader’s friendly and supportive actions would be classified as:a. initiating structureb. considerationc. task-orientedd. relationship-oriented14. A manager using more group supervision as compared to supervising each subordinate separately, would be exhibiting which of the following leadership behaviors?a. participative leadershipb. task-oriented leadershipc. relations-oriented leadershipd. initiating leadership15. According to the Blake and Mouton (1964) managerial grid, what level of task-oriented and relations-oriented behavior should an effective manager exhibit?a. high in task-oriented and low in relations-oriented behaviorsb. low in task-oriented and high in relations-oriented behaviorsc. high in task-oriented and high in relations-oriented behaviorsd. the appropriate level of behavior is dependent on the situation?16. According to the integrative model of leader behavior (TRC model), which of the following would be considered a task-oriented behavior?a. resolve immediate problems that would disrupt the workb. recognize contributions and accomplishmentsc. interpret events to explain the urgent need for changed. empower people to implement new strategies17. Which of the following would NOT be considered a potential benefit from developing?a. subordinates have greater skill learningb. leaders are given an opportunity to increase their participation in the organizationc. leaders have an increased sense of satisfactiond. the organization has higher employee commitment18. Which of the following is NOT a guideline for action planning?a. identify the optimal sequence of action stepsb. estimate the cost of each action stepc. determine the likely supporters of the proposald. develop procedures for monitoring progressChapter 419. According to the four-stage model of reaction to change, which of the following is considered the third stage?a. adaptationb. mourningc. angerd. denial20. According to Beer and his colleagues, which of the following types of change programs would be most effective?a. attitude-change programsb. role-change programsc. a combination of attitude and role-change programsd. neither the attitude-centered nor role-change programs21. At which stage of growth is it usually most difficult to change an organization’s culture?a. new organizationb. developingc. matured. declining22. Which of the following would most likely contain a list of key values or ideological themes considered important for an organization?a. mission statementb. value statementc. slogand. strategic objectives23. Because competition is more intense, customer expectations are rising, there is less time available to develop and market new products and services and products are become obsolete sooner; it is increasing more important to:a. increase organizational learning and innovationb. hire the best employees from other organizationsc. improve the compensation systemd. develop products with lasting appeal24. In the Falcon Computer Company case, which of the following should the company NOT have undertaken to embed exceptional product quality as a key value in the culture?a. develop better internal systems and procedures for measuring quality and identifying quality problemsb. involve people at all levels in a program for the continuous improvement of qualityc. devote more resources to the monitoring of customer reactions to the firm’s productd. make quantity a primary criterion for rewarding and promoting employeesChapter 526. Which of the following decision procedures would be characterized by a manager who asks other people for their opinion and ideas, then makes the decision alone?a. autocraticb. consultationc. joint decisiond. delegation27. Under which of the following decision procedures would other people have the greatest influence?a. autocraticb. consultationc. joint decisiond. delegation?28. Which of the following is most accurate regarding the research conducted on participative leadership by Bragg and Andrews (1973)?a. participative leadership did not influence attendanceb. participative leadership did not influence productivityc. participative leadership was not effective with the nursing staffd. after three years, the hospital returned to an autocratic leadership style29. Which of the following would be most accurate regarding the Vroom-Yetton (1988) extension of the Vroom-Jago (1973) normative decision model?a. fewer situational variables were included in the modelb. the model became so complex that it was no longer practicalc. the new model added severe time constraints as an outcome variabled. the decision procedures were simplified to incorporate only a yes-no answer to situational variables30. In the Alvis Corporation case, Kathy should have used which of the following decision procedures when dealing with the decision involving production standards?a. Tyrannicalb. Consultativec. Groupd. Autocratic

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