The terms transcription and translation have common meanings

| March 14, 2016

Question
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTIONS-
DNA AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

1. The terms transcription and translation have common meanings in the English language
while they have alternate yet related meanings in biology. What is the relationship between
the general definition of each term and the biological process described by each term?

2. If a scientist were provided with the specific protein could they determine the particular DNA code that produced it? What types of information would they require in order to make a
determination of the gene sequence?

3. Explain how one change in a DNA nucleotide could alter the sequence of amino acids in the
resulting protein? (an example would be the difference between normal and sickle-cell
hemoglobin)

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