The Rutter Nursery Company packages their pine bark mulch in 50-pound bags

| August 30, 2017

Question
The Rutter Nursery Company packages their pine bark mulch in 50-pound bags. From a long history, the production department
reports that the distribution of the bag weights follows the normal distribution and the standard deviation of this process
is 3 pounds per bag. At the end of each day, Jeff Rutter, the production manager, weighs 10 bags and computes the mean
weight of the sample. Below are the weights of 10 bags from today’s production.
45.6 47.7 47.6 46.3 46.2
47.4 49.2 55.8 47.5 48.5
a. Can Mr. Rutter conclude that the mean weight of the bags is less than 50 pounds? Use the .01 significance level.
b. In a brief report, tell why Mr. Rutter can use the z distribution as the test statistic.
c. Compute the p-value.

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