The following facts characterize the furniture industry in the United States

| September 29, 2018

7A3.The following facts characterize the furniture industry in the United States:39a. The industry has been very fragmented, so that few companies have the financial backing to make heavy investments in new technology and equipment.b. In 1998, only three U.S. furniture manufacturers had annual sales exceeding $1 billion. Thesefirms accounted for only 20 percent of the market share, with the remainder split among 1,000other manufacturers.c. Capital spending at one manufacturer, Furniture Brands, was only 2.2 percent of sales compared with 6.6 percent at Ford Motor Company. Outdated, labor-intensive production techniques were still being usedby many firms.d. Furniture manufacturing involves a huge number of options to satisfy consumer preferences, but this extensive set of choices slows production and raises costs.e. Small competitors can enter the industry because large manufacturers have not built up any overwhelming advantage in efficiency.f. The American Furniture Manufacturers Association has prepared a public relations campaign to “encourage consumers to part with more of their disposable income on furniture.”g. In fall 2003, a group of 28 U.S. furniture manufacturers asked the U.S. government to impose antidumping trade duties on Chinese-made bedroom furniture, alleging unfair pricing.h. The globalization of the furniture industry since the 1980s has resulted from technological innovations, governmental implementation of economic development strategies and regulatory regimes that favor global investment and trade, and the emergence of furniture manufacturers and retailers witha capacity to develop global production and distribution networks. The development of global production networks using Chinese subcontractors has accelerated globalization in recent years.Discuss how these facts are consistent with the model of perfect competition.8T5The top four firms in Industry A have market shares of 30, 25, 10, and 5 percent, respectively. The topfour firms in Industry B have market shares of 15, 12, 8, and 4 percent, respectively. Calculate the four-firm concentration ratios for the two industries. Which industry is more concentrated?

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