strayer pad505 full course [ all week discussions except week 10 discussion and all assignments

| June 3, 2016

Question
week 1

“The Craft of Budgeting” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

From the first e-Activity, evaluate the relationship between Congress and the President and discuss two (2) reasons why the presidential duties may conflict with the role of Congress.

Reason 1: Justify your response with examples

Reason 2: Justify your response with examples

From the first e-Activity, discuss three (3) major concerns of public budgeting and finance for a public administrator.

Concern 1: Justify your response with examples

Concern 2: Justify your response with examples

Concern 3: Justify your response with examples

diss 2

“Government Budgeting and Expenditures” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):
Based on the second e-Activity that focuses on the Budget of the United States Government for Fiscal Year 2014 and 2015, analyze the president’s messages and the three (3) budgets you selected.

Analysis 1: (Place your response here!)

Analysis 2: (Place your response here!)

Analysis 3: (Place your response here!)

Discuss four (4) governmental expenditures that you believe will have a significant impact on the national economy. Justify your response with examples.

Item 1: (Justify your response with examples)

Item 2: (Justify your response with examples)

Item 3: (Justify your response with examples)

Item 4: (Justify your response with examples)

week 2

“Organizing Budget Data and Chart of Accounts” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

From the first e-Activity, discuss three (3) major government programs that impact federal spending and whether any of the programs can be realistically cut.

Program 1: (Justify your response with examples)

Program 2: (Justify your response with examples)

Program 3: (Justify your response with examples)

diss 2

“Budgeting 101” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):
From the second e-Activity, discuss three (3) challenges in the budget process.

Challenge 1: (Justify your response with examples)

Challenge 2: (Justify your response with examples)

Challenge 3: (Justify your response with examples)

From the third e-Activity, identify and explain your choices for reductions and increases (Place your response here!)

Discuss at least two (2) lessons you learned about the challenge of balancing the federal budget.

Lesson 1: (Place your response here!)

Lesson 2: (Place your response here!)

week 3 diss 1

“Preparing the Operating Budget” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

From the e-Activities, discuss two (2) differences between Michigan’s budget and your state budget in terms of budget process, financial reporting, and costs analysis (fixed costs, step-fixed costs, and variable costs).

Budget Process:

Difference 1: (Place your response here! Justify your response with examples.)

Difference 2: (Place your response here! Justify your response with examples.)

Financial Reporting:

Difference 1: (Place your response here! Justify your response with examples.)

Difference 2: (Place your response here! Justify your response with examples.)

Cost Analysis:

Difference 1: (Place your response here! Justify your response with examples.)

Difference 2: (Place your response here! Justify your response with examples.)

Discuss the pros and cons of forecasting over a five to ten (5-10) year period.

Pro: (Place your response here! Justify your response with examples.)

Con: (Place your response here! Justify your response with examples.)

diss 2
“The Budget” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

From the first e-Activity, discuss four (4) governmental expenditures that you believe will have a significant impact on your local economy over the next year.

Item 1: (Justify your response with examples)

Item 2: (Justify your response with examples)

Item 3: (Justify your response with examples)

Item 4: (Justify your response with examples)

Discuss two to three (2-3) challenges an administrator may face when developing and reviewing proposals for budget cuts.

Challenge 1: (Place your response here! )

Challenge 2: (Place your response here! )

Challenge 3: (Place your response here! )

week 4 diss 1

“Revenue Estimating” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

From the e-Activity about the “Annual Population Estimates 2000 to 2009,” analyze and forecast a comparison of the population growth rate from 2010 through 2016 of the State of Michigan and your state. Provide these figures in your response for each year.

State 1: (Place your response here!)

State 2: (Place your response here!)

Based on your prediction for the years 2015 and 2016, discuss the impact of each state’s population increase on the four (4) highest discretionary spending accounts. Note: Please refer back to Week 3 and review the State of Michigan and your state’s budget.

State 1 – Highest Discretionary Account 1: (Place your response here!)

State 1 – Highest Discretionary Account 2: (Place your response here!)

State 1 – Highest Discretionary Account 3: (Place your response here!)

State 1 – Highest Discretionary Account 4: (Place your response here!)

State 2 – Highest Discretionary Account 1: (Place your response here!)

State 2 – Highest Discretionary Account 2: (Place your response here!)

State 2 – Highest Discretionary Account 3: (Place your response here!)

State 2 – Highest Discretionary Account 4: (Place your response here!)

disss 2

“Trend Analysis” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

Discuss at least two (2) challenges an administrator should consider when preparing a trend analysis over a five (5) year period.

Challenge 1: (Place your response here / Justify your response (hint – use the textbook)

Challenge 2: (Place your response here / Justify your response (hint – use the textbook)

week 5

“Life Cycle Costing” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

From the first e-Activity, discuss at what point the budget analyst should decide when the product should be terminated during the life cycle analysis. Justify your response with reasons and an example (Place your response here, with a Justification and an Example).

Discuss two to three actions a budget analyst should review consistently to alleviate over budgeting for operating and maintenance costs of a capital project.

1) Action 1(Place your response here

2) Action 2(Place your response here

diss 2

“Cost-Benefit Analysis” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):
From second e-Activity (Parts 1–IV), assume that you submitted your analysis that recommended Project A to your superior. She, however, negated your analysis and chose Project B. Support your recommendation with at least two reasons for accepting the financial implications of Project A.

Reason 1: (Place your response here!)

Reason 2:(Place your response here!)

Discuss at least one advantage and one disadvantage of ex ante analysis and ex post analysis. Justify your answer with examples

Advantage: (Place your response here with examples!)

Disadvantage: (Place your response here with examples!)

week 6

“The Financial Plan”Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

Based on the e-Activities, assess and explain the restrictions placed on state and local government debt in your state. Provide examples to support your answer. (Provide the Websites’ URLs in your discussion.)(Place your response here!)

Identify at least two methods needed to avoid restriction limits.

Method 1: (Place your response here!)

Method 2: (Place your response here!)

diss 2

“Budget Decisions” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):
Discuss the major challenges that you believe the public will encounter as a result of the proposed budget. Justify your answer with examples.(Place your response here!)

Speculate on the optimal stage during the budget decision making these challenges could be minimized. Justify your answer with examples.(Place your response here!)

disss 2

“Trend Analysis” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

Discuss at least two (2) challenges an administrator should consider when preparing a trend analysis over a five (5) year period.

Challenge 1: (Place your response here / Justify your response (hint – use the textbook)

Challenge 2: (Place your response here / Justify your response (hint – use the textbook)

week 8

“Allocation and Allotments” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

From the first e-Activity,examine and evaluate the disparity of your state’s budget allocation for education and property tax to the various localities(Place your response here)

Based on your assessment, challenge or defend the equity of the system across the various localities(Place your response here)

diss 2

“Variance Analysis” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):
Recommend at least two strategies a budget analyst can apply to ensure that the budget is performing according to the established performance indicators. Justify your response.

Strategy 1 (Place your response here)

Strategy 2 (Place your response here)

From the e-Activity on “Variance Analysis” propose at least two actions a budget analyst can take to avoid assumptions in budget items to avoid overlooking favorable or adverse line items in the budget. Provide examples to justify your response.

Action 1: (Place your response here)

Action 2: (Place your response here)

week 7

“Presenting the Budget”Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

From the first e-Activity, discuss two (2) recommendations the authors make regarding the applicability of performance budgeting to the current United States government.

Recommendation 1: (Place your response here!)

Recommendation 2: (Place your response here!)

Assume you have been appointed as the new budget analyst for a federal agency. Propose two to three (2-3) strategies for connecting performance indicators to the budget. Provide examples to support your response

Strategy 1: (Place your response here!)

Strategy 2: (Place your response here!)

Strategy 3: (Place your response here!)

diss 2

“Writing Budget Justifications” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):
From the e-Activity, provide three justifications for an increase to the four highest discretionary spending accounts.

Justification 1: (Place your response here!)

Justification 2: (Place your response here!)

Justification 3: (Place your response here!)

From the e-Activity, provide three justifications for a decrease to the four highest discretionary spending accounts.

Justification 1: (Place your response here!)

Justification 2: (Place your response here!)

Justification 3: (Place your response here!)

week 9

“Multiyear Plans” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

Propose at least two strategies to avoid assumptions in a multiyear plan.

Strategy 1: (Place your response here/Justify your response)

Strategy 2: (Place your response here/Justify your response)

diss 2
“Analyses” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

Recommend at least two best practices for analyzing multiyear financial statements. Justify your response.

Best Practice 1: (Place your response here/Justify your response)

Best Practice 2: (Place your response here/Justify your response)

week 9

“Multiyear Plans” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

Propose at least two strategies to avoid assumptions in a multiyear plan.

Strategy 1: (Place your response here/Justify your response)

Strategy 2: (Place your response here/Justify your response)

diss 2
“Analyses” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

Recommend at least two best practices for analyzing multiyear financial statements. Justify your response.

Best Practice 1: (Place your response here/Justify your response)

Best Practice 2: (Place your response here/Justify your response)

“Review” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):

Recommend three (3) strategies you might use as a first-time administrator to ensure that you are effective in the role.

Strategy 1: (Place your response here!)

Strategy 2: (Place your response here!)

Strategy 3: (Place your response here!)

diss 2

“Recall” Copy and Paste this Format when responding (do not post attachments):
Describe three (3) concepts or skills you learned in the course that you can apply in your current or future professional life.

Concepts or skills 1: (Place your response here!)

Concepts or skills 2: (Place your response here!)

Concepts or skills 3: (Place your response here!)

Scenario for Assignments 1-5
For Assignments 1-5, you will take on the role of a budget analyst for a local government agency. The first role of the budget analyst is to become familiar with the agency, the budget, programs, and capital projects. Select any local (city) government (e.g., Oklahoma City). To locate your agency’s budget, you can either conduct a Google search on the word “Oklahoma City Financial Plan” or you can locate the information on the local government’s Website. As a budget analyst, you will be responsible for analyzing, examining, proposing, and preparing the agency’s budget for the next five (5) years.

Note:Students cannot use New York City as a selected local government

Assignment 1: The Operating Budget

Due Week 4 and worth 250 points

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper, titled Part I: The Operating Budget for the (Selected Agency) in which you separate the content into sections:

1. Provide background information about the agency, mission, goals, objectives, departments, and strategic plan. (Title this section Introduction.)

2. Describe the budget of the agency by addressing the following items: (Title this section Budget Overview.)

a. Financial Summary, including Revenue and Expenditures

b. Department Budgets

c. Funding

d. Capital Projects

e. Debt Administration

3. Perform a Cost Analysis. (Title this section Cost Analysis.) The costs should include the following:

a. Fixed Costs

b. Step-fixed Costs

c. Variable Costs

4. Identify and explain one to two (1-2) challenges you will have in managing the budget. (Title this section Budget Challenges.)

5. Recommend two to three (2-3) strategies the agency should review regarding new initiatives and budget cuts over the next five (5) years. (Title this section Budget Recommendations.)

6. Include the agency’s most recent budget or financial plan.

7. Provide the agency’s Website name, URL, and any other sources used to support the assignment’s criteria.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

? Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

? Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

? Analyze the basic skills and tools needed for budgeting for public sector agencies and / or departments.

Please remember to save a copy ofall of your workin case there are technical problems.Do not forget to ci

Assignment 2:The Capital Budget
Due Week 6 and worth 280 points

Refer the Scenario for Assignments 1–e e 5. Forecast salaries, revenue estimating, and prepare the capital budget.

Using the budget from the selected agency, write a five to six (5-6)page paper in which you:

Analyze the agency’s compensation for employees. Provide a rationale on what the costs and benefits would be for a 2 percent, 4 percent, or 5 percent pay increase for the fiscal year 2014. In your forecast, (a) discuss the effects of the increase on benefits for the agencyand (b) provide a chart depicting the increase for each percent. (Title this section Payroll Forecast.)
Review the trend of the agency over the past five (5) yearsand prepare an analysis explaining the trend for expenditures. Include a figure depicting the trend. (Title this section Trend Analysis.)
Prepare and explain a five (5) year forecast of the four (4) highest expenditures. Make anXYplot of these data. Include in the analysis whether the costs should be approved or not approved. Justify the reasoning with examples. (Title this section Expenditure Forecast.)
Compare two (2) options for predicting the cost of needed repairs to thecurrent building that houses the selected agency by completing Exercise 1 at the end of Chapter 1 (page 92). Provide a rationale for recommending one (1) of the two (2) options. Include the figures to support the rationale. (Title this section Capital Budget.)
Provide names and URLs of the Websites for the state’s budget(s) analyzed and any other government Websites used to support the assignment’s criteria.
Assignment 3:Presenting the Budget
Due Week 8 and worth 300 points

Refer the Scenario for Assignments 1–e e 5. Prepare the financial plan and budget justification proposal.

The agency is contracted to work with New York City on several capital projects. To proceed with negotiations, an analysis of the city’s financial documents must be considered. Review the New York City Financial Plan, located at.nyc.gov/html/omb/downloads/pdf/fp6_12.pdf”>http://www.nyc.gov/html/omb/downloads/pdf/fp6_12.pdf, to answer questions listed. (Title this section “New York City Financial Plan”)

Answer Question 1 based on the review of the New York City Financial Plan: Are total revenues growing faster or more slowly than expenditures? Show the annual growth rates for revenues and expenditures in a table.
Answer Question 2 based on the review of the New York City Financial Plan: What is New York City’s fastest-growing category of expenditures during the planning period? Justify the answer with examples.
Answer Question 3 based on the review of the New York City Financial Plan: What percentage of New York City revenue comes from the general property tax? How much is this tax growing in each year of the financial plan? Justify the answer with examples.
Prepare a budget to support the proposal to partner with New York City to offer a job training program housed within the NYC Department of Social Services. (Title this section “Budget Justification Proposal.”) (Note:The agency has decided to partner with New York City.)
The agency proposes $500,000over a three (3) year period beginning FY2013 to be included in the State Categorical Grants for the Department of Social Services to provide hands-on job training workshops in office administration, security, construction, and apartment maintenance.
Use Figure 7.2, Budget Justification,in Chapter 7 (pages 114-115) as an example.
Provide names and URLs of the Websites for the state’s budget(s) analyzed and any other government Websites used to support the assignment’s criteria.
Assignment 4:Implementing the Budget
Due Week 9 and worth 225 points

Refer the Scenario for Assignments 1–e 5. Prepare a variance report for theselected agency. Refer to Table 8.4 in Chapter 8 (page 133).

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper addressing the criteria below.(Note:Change the title of the report to reflect the selected agency’s name and the years to 2013-2014.)

Find the variances for both the revenue and expenditures sides and then discuss two to three (2-3) problematic areas for the agency. Provide the results of the variances in a table (Excel or Word).
Recommend two (2) policy actions for each problematic area discussed in criterion 1. Justifythe recommendations.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Assignment 5: Multiyear Plans and Analysis
Due Week 10 and worth 200 points

Preparation

Review the document titled “City of Charlottesville 2010 Annual Comprehensive Plan” located in the course shell.
Write a three to four (3-4) page paperin which you:

Review the“City of Charlottesville2010 Annual Comprehensive Plan” and then complete Exercise 1 on page 152 using Exhibits C and D in the Annual Report and Table 9.4 on page 148.Change the title headers to the agency name. Save the Excel File as the agency’s name and includethe Multiyear Plan.
Analyze the comparison of ratios.
Analyze the measures of liquidity.
Analyze the long-term solvency.
Analyze asset management rations.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code: RESEARCHOrder Now