PSYC-3010-10,Crisis and Intervention Week 3: Individual, Couple, and Family Crises

| March 14, 2016

PSYC-3010-10,Crisis and Intervention week 3 Application

Week 3: Individual, Couple, and Family Crises


A woman with little formal education and no means of supporting herself or her children feels trapped in an abusive relationship with her husband. A teenager who is failing in school and who recently broke up with his girlfriend sees no point in living. A man who was sexually abused as a child continues to have disturbing flashbacks throughout adulthood. As disparate as these situations appear, they all have one thing in common: they represent types of individual, couple, and family crises. This week, you examine a variety of crises that affect individuals, couples, and families. You explore intervention strategies that are used to address these crises as well as analyze the relationships and differences between these diverse situations.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this week, you should be able to:

Apply crisis intervention strategies to individual, couple, and family crisis situations
Analyze similarities and differences between types of individual, couple, and family crises and interventions
Understand and apply concepts and techniques related to individual, couple, and family crises

Please proceed to the Learning Resources.

Learning Resources

Please read and view (where applicable) the following Learning Resources before you complete this week’s assignments.


Course Text: James, R. K. &Gilliland, B.E. (2017).Crisis intervention strategies (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Chapter 8, “Crisis of Lethality”
Chapter 9, “Sexual Assault”
Chapter 10, “Partner Violence”

Article: Hirsch, J. K., Wolford, K., LaLonde, S. M., Brunk, L., & Parker-Morris, A. (2009). Optimistic explanatory style as a moderator of the association between negative life events and suicide ideation.Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 30(1), 48–53.
Use the PsycARTICLES database.

This article examines the relationship between attribution styles (optimistic explanatory and pessimistic explanatory) of negative life events and the incidence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in young adults.

Optional Resources

Course Text: James, R. K. &Gilliland, B.E. (2017).Crisis intervention strategies (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Chapter 7, “Posttraumatic Stress Disorder”
Chapter 12, “Personal Loss: Bereavement and Grief”

Application: Comparative Analysis of Individual, Couple, and Family Crises

As you have learned in previous weeks, the scope of crisis is broad, encompassing everything from natural disasters affecting millions of people to a personal loss affecting a single family, couple, or individual. As a result of this extreme variability, it is helpful to organize different types of crisis situations into categories based on fundamental similarities. For example, some crises can be classified as “individual, couple, and family,” such as the following: PTSD, lethality, sexual assault, partner violence, addiction, and bereavement.

Although these crises share a classification, they are far from identical. In fact, there is as much variability within the category of “individual, couple, and family crises” as there is within the general designation of “crisis.” One of the major areas of potential contrast is breadth of impact. A situation involving partner violence, for example, may be limited in impact to the two parties involved, particularly if the parties conceal it from others. An individual’s suicide, however, may have the most intense impact on the individual’s direct family members, but is likely to affect others outside of this realm as well, such as friends, neighbors, classmates, and/or coworkers.

In some cases, human services professionals may use similar strategies for different types of crises. A counseling session with a sufferer of PTSD, for example, may in some ways mirror a session with a sexual assault victim. Crisis intervention strategies vary in their effectiveness and in their potential to bring about positive outcomes, depending on both the nature of the crisis itself and the psychological resilience of those experiencing it.

To prepare for this assignment:

Review Chapters 8, 9, and 10 in your course text, Crisis Intervention Strategies. As you read, focus on the similarities and differences between the three types of individual, couple, and family crisis situations: crisis of lethality, sexual assault, and/or partner violence.
Review the articles, “Optimistic Explanatory Style as a Moderator of the Association Between Negative Life Events and Suicide Ideation” and “Best Practices for Working With Rape Crisis Centers to Address Elder Sexual Abuse.” Focus on how the issues examined in these articles are either unique to the particular crisis discussed or are shared with the other crises you have examined this week.
Select two of the three types of crisis situations you have studied this week. (Be sure that one of your selections is different from the two you chose to analyze in this week’s Discussion.) Reflect on how the two types of crisis situations you have selected are similar as well as how they are different, particularly in terms of their breadth of impact, the intervention strategies most often used in response to these situations, their intended outcomes, and the effectiveness of these intervention strategies in achieving these outcomes.

The assignment (2–3 pages):

Identify and briefly describe the two specific types of individual, couple, and/or family crisis situations you have selected.
Explain how the two types of crises are similar and how they are different, including, but not limited to the following:

Their breadth of impact
Crisis intervention strategies that might be used for each
The intended outcomes of intervention strategies used for each
The effectiveness of the outcomes of intervention strategies used for each
Explain what insights you have or conclusions you can draw based on this comparison.

Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list only for those resources not included in the Learning Resources for this course.

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