PSYC-3009-10,Psychology of Leadership Week 3: Ethics and Values

| March 14, 2016

Week 3: Ethics and Values

Introduction

Consider the following scenarios: A team leader takes credit for all of the work completed by team members. An employee uses company equipment for a personal project. A student paraphrases work from an online resource and neglects to cite the source. A family member promises to keep a secret to help a friend even though it may harm others. For each of these scenarios, think about whether the behavior is acceptable or unacceptable. This week, you explore how values and ethics drive behaviors of individuals, leaders, followers, and organizations. You examine how organizational codes of ethics influence leadership. You also assess your own values and morals and analyze their roles in leadership.

Learning Objectives

By the end of this week, you should be able to:

Apply ethical principles and standards to leadership
Analyze the role and impact of ethics in leadership
Apply Kohlberg’s theory of moral development to ethical dilemmas
Identify and apply ethics and values to leadership

Please proceed to the Learning Resources.

Learning Resources

Please read and view (where applicable) the following Learning Resources before you complete this week’s assignments.

Readings

Course Text:Manning, G., & Curtis, K. (2015). The art of leadership (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Chapter 6, “Leadership Ethics”
Chapter 7, “The Role of Values and Ethics at Work”
Article: American Psychological Association. (2002). APA ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx

Optional Resources

PowerPoint Presentations

Chapter 6
Chapter 7

Application: Morals, Values, and Leadership

In this week’s Discussion, you considered ethics, which is closely related to values and morals. Every day, you probably behave in ways that are consistent with your ethics, values, and morals. Values suggest qualities that you consider important. For example, you may value honesty, persistence, and respect. It is ideal to lead and be lead by those who share your values. Exercise 10–1 guides you through an activity to help you determine your personal values orientation. Morals guide you to differentiate between right and wrong. Chapter 9 in your text explains how stages of moral development influence the way that leaders address moral dilemmas. Ethics, morals, and values should be important considerations to people in leadership roles— indeed, strong ethics, morals, and values can be influential on long-term organizational success.

To prepare for this assignment:

Review Chapter 6 in your course text, The Art of Leadership. Pay particular attention to moral development and Kohlberg’s six stages of moral development covered in Table 9–1.
Review Chapter 7 in your course text, The Art of Leadership. Focus on leadership and values.
In Exercise 6–1, Moral Dilemmas, select one moral dilemma (the citizen, the salesperson, the administrative assistant, the parent, the firefighter, the friend, or the supervisor) and determine how you would address the dilemma.
Review Table 6–1, Levels, Stages, and Examples of Moral Development. Think about which stage of moral development is most consistent with your response to the dilemma.
Complete Exercise 7–1 , Personal Values—What Is Important to You? and Figure 10–1 , Your Personal Value Orientation. Reflect on what the exercises say about your personal values.
Consider how morals and values could influence your role as a leader.

The assignment: (1–2 pages)

Explain how you would respond to the moral dilemma you selected in Exercise 6–1 .
Analyze which stage of moral development is the most consistent with your response to the dilemma and why.
Summarize your personal values based on Exercise 7–1 and Figure 7–1.
Explain the conclusions you can draw about your own morals and values and how you believe they could influence your role as a leader.

Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list only for those resources not included in the Learning Resources for this course.

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