Neubert Enterprises recently issued $1,000 par value

| November 24, 2016

Please answer all Questions in Excel

(20-1) Neubert Enterprises recently issued $1,000 par value 15-year bonds with a 5% coupon paid annually and warrants attached. These bonds are currently trading for $1,000. Neubert also has outstanding $1,000 par value 15-year straight debt with a 7% coupon paid annually, also trading for $1,000. What is the implied value of the warrants attached to each bond? (Answer is $182.16.)

(20-2) Breuer Investment’s convertible bonds have a $1,000 par value and a conversion price of $50 a share. What is the convertible issue’s conversion ratio? (Answer is 20 shares)

(20-6) The Howland Carpet Company has grown rapidly during the past 5 years. Recently, its commercial bank urged the company to consider increasing its permanent financing. Its bank loan under a line of credit has risen to $250,000, carrying an 8% interest rate. Howland has been 30 to 60 days late in paying trade creditors.
Discussions with an investment banker have resulted in the decision to raise $500,000
at this time. Investment bankers have assured the firm that the following alternatives are feasible (flotation costs will be ignored).

•Alternative 1: Sell common stock at $8.
•Alternative 2: Sell convertible bonds at an 8% coupon, convertible into 100 shares of
common stock for each $1,000 bond (i.e., the conversion price is $10 per share).
•Alternative 3: Sell debentures at an 8% coupon, each $1,000 bond carrying 100 warrants to buy common stock at $10.

John L. Howland, the president, owns 80% of the common stock and wishes to maintain
control of the company. There are 100,000 shares outstanding. The following are extracts of Howland’s latest financial statements:

Balance Sheet
Current liabilities $400,000
Common stock, par $1 100,000
Retained earnings 50,000
Total claims $550,000
Total assets $550,000

Income Statement
Sales $1,100,000
All costs except interest 990,000
EBIT $ 110,000
Interest 20,000
EBT $ 90,000
Taxes (40%) 36,000
Net income $ 54,000
Shares outstanding 100,000
Earnings per share $ 0.54
Price/earnings ratio 15.83
Market price of stock $ 8.55

a. Show the new balance sheet under each alternative. For Alternatives 2 and 3, show the balance sheet after conversion of the bonds or exercise of the warrants. Assume that half of the funds raised will be used to pay off the bank loan and half to increase total assets. (Answer- Plan 1, 49%; Plan 2, 53%; Plan 3, 53%.)
b. Show Mr. Howland’s control position under each alternative, assuming that he does
not purchase additional shares.(Answer- Plan 1, $0.59; Plan 2, $0.64; Plan 3, $0.88.)
c. What is the effect on earnings per share of each alternative, assuming that profits
before interest and taxes will be 20% of total assets?( Answer- Plan 1, 19%; Plan 2, 19%; Plan 3, 50%.)
d. What will be the debt ratio (TL/TA) under each alternative?
e. Which of the three alternatives would you recommend to Howland, and why?

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