Math 104 ­Applied Regression Analysis

| April 14, 2018

Math 104 – Fall ‘14Applied Regression AnalysisLab Assignment #4: Review of Two-Sample TestDue: September 22, 2014Name ID#Department of MathematicsGOLDEN GATE UNIVERSITY [1] Lipitor is a drug used to control cholesterol. In clinical trials of Lipitor, 94 subjects were treated with Lipitor and 270 subjects were given a placebo. Among those who were treated with Lipitor, 7 developed infections. Among those given a placebo, 27 developed infections. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the rate of infections was the same for those treated with Lipitor and those given a placebo. [2] Simple random samples of high-interest (5.36%) mortgages and low-interest (3.77%) mortgage were obtained. For the 40 high-interest mortgages, the borrowers had a mean FICO credit score of 594.8 and standard deviation of 12.2. For the 40 low-interest mortgages, the borrowers had a mean FICO credit score of 785.2 and standard deviation of 16.3.a) Use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that the mean FICO score of borrowers with high-interest mortgage is lower than the mean FICO score of borrowers with low-interest mortgage.b) Does the FICO credit rating score appear to affect mortgage payments? If so, how? [3] A random sample of the birth weights of 186 babies has a mean of 3103g and a standard deviation of 696g (based on data from “Cognitive Outcomes of Preschool Children with Prenatal Cocaine Exposure,” by Singer et al., Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 291, No. 20). These babies were born to mothers who did not use cocaine during their pregnancies. Further, a random sample of the birth weights of 190 babies born to mothers who used cocaine during their pregnancies has a mean of 2700g and a standard deviation of 645g.a) The birth weights of babies are known normally distributed. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that both samples are from populations having the same standard deviation.b) Using your finding in (a), construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the difference between the mean birth weight of a baby born to mothers who did not use cocaine and that of a baby born to mothers who used cocaine during their pregnancies.c) Using your finding in (b), does cocaine use appear to affect the birth weight of a baby? Substantiate you conclusion. [4] A large discount chain compares the performance if its credit managers in Ohio and Illinois by comparing the mean dollars amounts owed by customers with delinquent charge accounts in these two states. Here a small mean dollar amount owed is desirable because it indicates that bad credit risks are not being extended large amounts of credit. Two independent, random samples of delinquent accounts are selected from the populations of delinquent accounts in Ohio and Illinois, respectively. The first sample, which consists of 15 randomly selected delinquent accounts in Ohio, givens a mean dollar amount of $524 with a standard deviation of $38. The second sample, which consists of 20 randomly selected delinquent accounts in Illinois, gives a mean dollar amount of $473 with a standard deviation of $22.a) Assuming that the normality assumption, test to determine if the population variances are equal with ? =0.05.b) Test with ? =0.05 whether there is a difference between the population mean dollar amounts owed by consumers with delinquent charge accounts in Ohio and Illinois.c) Assuming that the normality assumption and the condition you checked in a) hold, calculate a 95 percent confidence interval for the difference between the mean dollar amounts owed in Ohio and Illinois. Based on this interval, do you think that these mean dollar amounts differ in a practically important way?

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