# Master Budget Problem

March 14, 2016

CANYON KITE MANUFACTURING CO.

The accountant at Canyon Kites has always prepared a budget that is calculated using only one estimated volume of sales. He has asked you to help him set up a spreadsheet that can be used for sensitivity analysis in the budgeting process. This year it appears that the company may not meet expectations, which could result in a loss. He is concerned that the company will incur a loss again next year and wants to develop a budget that will easily reflect changes in the assumptions. After gathering information about next year’s operations, he will provide information using a what-if sensitivity analysis. The following assumptions will be used to begin your analysis:

Direct materials per kite: Direct Labor: Hours Hrly Rate Cost/kite

Nylon \$10 Assembly 0.5 \$30 \$15.00

Ribs \$ 5 Packing 0.1 \$15 \$ 1.50

String \$ 2

Inventory information: Beginning Target Ending

Direct Mat: Nylon \$5,000 \$7,000

Ribs 3,000 3,200

String 1,000 1,200

Finished Goods (units) 2,000 Kites 2,200 Kites

Finished Goods (cost) \$97,850

Revenue assumptions: Selling Price Volume

\$75.00 80,000

PART 1:

Create a spreadsheet with a data input box at the top that includes all relevant data. (Put a border around this data to separate). Set up each schedule with cell references to information in the data input box. Any changes made to information in this box should reflect through all of the schedules you create. As you proceed, more information will be given that you will need to add to the data input box, so leave space to add additional data.

a) Prepare a revenue budget

b) Prepare a production budget in units

c) Prepare the direct materials usage budget and a direct materials purchases budget

d) Prepare a direct labor budget (in hrs and cost)

In addition to the information given above, the following are estimated manufacturing overhead costs. Both fixed and variable overhead will be allocated based on the number of kites produced.

Supplies \$160,250 Depreciation \$211,728

Indirect Labor 200,650 Property Taxes 28,872

Maintenance 80,200 Insurance 67,368

Miscellaneous 40,100 Plant management 240,600

Total Variable OH \$481,200 Benefits 336,840

Miscellaneous 76,992

Total Fixed OH \$962,400

PART 2:

a) Prepare a manufacturing overhead budget and determine variable and fixed overhead allocation rates using labor hours for fixed and units for variable.

b) Prepare a schedule that calculates the unit costs of ending inventory in finished goods and then prepare the ending inventory budget.

c) Prepare a cost of goods sold budget.

Adding to the information above, the following data includes costs collected in regards to support departments:

Support Department: Fixed Cost

Marketing 620,748

Distribution 310,374

Customer Service 103,458

Total SD Cost \$2,069,160

PART 3:

a) Prepare the support department costs budget

b) Prepare a budgeted income statement (assume tax rate of 25%)

c) Calculate break even in revenue and units

Lastly, the Company’s managers budget cash flows on a quarterly basis so they can plan short-term investments & borrowings. Kite sales are highest during the spring and summer. Sales are fairly even within each quarter, but vary across quarters as follows:

January – March 10% April – June 50%

July – September 30% October – December 10%

Accounts receivable at the end of the prior year, consisting of sales made during December, totaled \$90,000. Payments from customers are usually received as follows:

Pay during the month goods are received 50%

Pay the next month 47%

The managers plan to maintain beginning inventory quantities during January and February, but plan to increase inventories to targeted levels by the end of March and maintain those levels throughout the rest of the year. The company pays its vendors 10 days after raw materials are received, therefore approximately two-thirds of all purchases are paid in the month of production and one-third paid the following month. Accounts Payable at the end of the prior year totaled \$13,000. Employee wages and other production costs are paid during the month incurred. Property taxes are paid in two equal installments on March 31 and September 30, and insurance is paid annually on June 30. Support costs are paid evenly throughout the year. Estimated income tax payments are made at the end of each quarter based on 25% of total estimated taxes for the year.

In addition to customer receipts, the company expects to receive \$10,000 in proceeds from the sale of equipment in January. The company also plans to purchase and pay for new equipment costing \$50,000 during January.

The Company finances its short-term operations with a line of credit from the bank, which had a balance of \$150,000 at the end of the prior year. The line of credit agreement requires the company maintain a minimum cash balance of \$100,000. The company’s line of credit requires quarterly interest payments at an annual rate of 5.5% and is paid on the last day of the quarter.

PART 4:

a) Prepare quarterly budgets for cash receipts, cash disbursements and short term financing.

b) Was the company able to increase its cash reserves?

c) What is the best use of cash for this firm?

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