First, explain HOW and WHY the United States experienced a “market revolution” after 1815. Be sure to address transformations in transportation, work, politics, and the economy in your response (worth 2 points). Secondly, review the document(s) on pages 280 – 281, “Mill Girls Stand Up to Factory Owners, 1834.” After reading thoroughly the information presented there, respond to the following questions:
Does the Lowell Journal adequately explain how a few “ringleaders” could motivate over eight hundred female workers to engage in street protests? (worth 2 points).
Why do the strikers invoke Revolutionary-era ideals of independence and liberty and the phrase “daughters of freemen”? Do these young women feel subordinate and deferential to the factory owners? Were they, in fact, subordinates? Why or why not? (worth 2 points).
How did the Lowell Journal excuse the wage reduction? What did the strike leader mean by “purse proud insolence?” What are the class (socioeconomic) dimensions of this episode? (worth 2 points).
Do you think that the “turn out” of female workers at Lowell was an unintended consequence of the “market revolution?” If so, explain why (or why not). (worth 2 points).
What, in your opinion, were the short-term and long-term consequences of Indian removal (and the Indian Removal Act of 1830) as well as the Trail of Tears? Why did Andrew Jackson promote Indian removal and how, if at all, was this a response to the “Indian problem” during his presidency? How did Jackson’s policies revise or continue earlier federal policies? Be sure to be as specific as possible in your response.
After reviewing the information presented in chapter 12, respond to the following question(s) in essay format – with each response in paragraph form (a separate paragraph for each question). Be sure to rely on specific examples to support your response.
It is fair to say that many transformations took place in the United States throughout the nineteenth century. In addressing these transformations, respond to the following questions:
Why did the U.S. become a leading industrial power in the nineteenth century? (2 points)
What was the free labor ideal and how did it account for income inequality? (2 points)
What was the ideology of Manifest Destiny and how did it impact the expansion of westward migration in the mid-nineteenth century? (2 points)
Why was the annexations of Texas such a controversial policy? (2 points)
Why and in what ways were women especially prominent in many nineteenth-century reform efforts? (2 points)