general business data bank

| August 14, 2017


1. The domain of codified law pertains to
behavior about which the law has no say and for which an individual or
organization enjoys complete freedom.

2. Ethics, found between the domains of law and
free choice, is the code of moral principles that governs any individual or

3. Free choice lies between the domains of
codified law and ethics.

4. If something is ethical, it must not be

5. An ethical dilemma arises in a situation when
each alternative choice or behavior have potentially negative consequences.
Right and wrong cannot be clearly distinguished.

6. The moral agent is an individual who must
make an ethical choice in an organization.

7. Utilitarian, individualism, moral-rights, and
objective dualism are the four approaches that guide ethical decision-making.

8. The basis for the recent trend among
companies to police employee personal habits such as alcohol and tobacco
consumption on the job is called the utilitarian ethic.

9. Monitoring the Internet to maintain the
company’s ethical climate and workplace productivity could be considered part
of an individualistic approach.

10. The ethical concept that acts are moral when they promote the
individual’s best long term interests, which ultimately leads to the greater
good, is known as the moral rights approach.

11. The ethical concept that argues that moral behaviors produce the
greatest good for the greatest number of people is objective dualism.

12. In the individualism approach, the right of free speech must be

13. Individualism is popular in the highly organized society of today
because it supports immediate self-gain.

14. The right of free consent, the right to privacy, and the right of
freedom of conscience are rights that should be considered in the moral rights

15. Procedural justice requires that different treatment of people not
be based on arbitrary characteristics.

16. The justice approach is closest to the thinking underlying the
domain of free choice.

17. Procedural justice requires that rules be stated clearly,
consistently and impartially enforced, and administered fairly.

18. Level 3 of the Personal Moral Development model is Conventional.

19. Individuals, at the preconventional level, are concerned with
external rewards and punishments and obey authority to avoid detrimental
personal consequences.

20. Individuals are concerned with external rewards and punishments at
the principled level.

21. An individual at the postconventional level lives up to
expectations of others, fulfills duties and obligations of social systems, and
upholds law.

22. Principled level of moral development is also referred to as the
postconventional level.

23. The majority of managers operate at the preconventional level of
personal moral development.

24. Approximately 20% of American adults, according to your text, ever
reach the postconventional level of moral development.

25. The great majority of managers operate at level two, the
conventional level.

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