general business data bank

| August 14, 2017

41. ____ refers to a value
characterized by people’s intolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity and
resulting support for beliefs that promise certainty and conformity.

a.

Power distance

b.

Uncertainty
avoidance

c.

Certainty avoidance

d.

Conformity seekers

e.

None of these

ANS:

42. Which of these reflects a cultural preference for cooperation,
group decision making, and quality of life?

a.

Individualism

b.

Collectivism

c.

Masculinity

d.

Femininity

e.

Power distance

ANS:

43. One of Hofstede’s social values that was developed later is

a.

power distance.

b.

uncertainty
avoidance.

c.

masculinity.

d.

collectivism.

e.

long-term
orientation.

ANS:

44. Recent research by the GLOBE project has extended ____ research
and offered new insights for managers.

a.

Hofstede’s

b.

Walton’s

c.

Weber’s

d.

Fayol’s

e.

Gilbreth’s

ANS:

45. All of the following are cultural dimensions as defined by the
GLOBE Project, EXCEPT:

a.

assertiveness

b.

gender
differentiation

c.

social collectivism

d.

humane orientation

e.

masculinity

ANS:
:

46. In countries where women are often in positions of high status,
the Globe Project would describe that culture as high in ____.

a.

assertiveness

b.

uncertainty
avoidance

c.

gender
differentiation

d.

societal
collectivism

e.

performance
orientation

ANS:

47. A country that places emphasis on fairness and values kindness
would be described by the Globe Project as high in ____.

a.

assertiveness

b.

uncertainty
avoidance

c.

gender
differentiation

d.

humane orientation

e.

societal
collectivism

ANS:

48. According to Spotlight on Skills in Chapter 3, what does the
gesture of scratching one’s head usually mean in Russia?

a.

“You’re
crazy.”

b.

“I am
listening carefully.”

c.

“I want to get
to know you better.”

d.

“I’m confused
or skeptical.”

e.

“No.”

ANS:

49. According to Spotlight on Skills in Chapter 3, one of the most
universal gestures is:

a.

Arm up, shaking
back and forth (waving)

b.

Scratching your
chin (thinking)

c.

A smile (happiness
or politeness)

d.

Closing your eyes
(boredom)

e.

A pat on the back
(congratulations)

ANS:

50. Which of the following is defined as a culture in which
communication is used to enhance personal relationships?

a.

Interpersonal
culture

b.

High-context
culture

c.

Power culture

d.

Low-context culture

e.

Family-oriented
culture

ANS:

51. Which of the following countries possesses a high degree of
assertiveness?

a.

Spain

b.

Sweden

c.

Japan

d.

Iceland

e.

Switzerland

ANS:

52. Which of the following countries possesses a low degree of gender
differentiation?

a.

China

b.

Brazil

c.

Italy

d.

South Korea

e.

Denmark

ANS:

53. Which of the following countries possesses a high performance
orientation?

a.

Israel

b.

Sweden

c.

Taiwan

d.

Russia

e.

Venezuela

ANS:

54. Countries that use several languages

a.

are ethnocentric.

b.

are geocentric.

c.

are likely to have
high uncertainty avoidance.

d.

have linguistic
pluralism.

e.

are polycentric.

ANS:

55. In a(n) ____, people use communication primarily to exchange facts
and information.

a.

power culture

b.

informational
culture

c.

high-context
culture

d.

mid-context culture

e.

low-context culture

ANS:

56. A ____ interaction requires more time because a relationship has
to be developed, and trust and friendship must be established.

a.

high-context

b.

sales

c.

business

d.

low-context

e.

personal

ANS:
7. A cultural attitude marked by
the tendency to regard one’s own culture as superior to others is called

a.

ethnocentrism.

b.

polycentrism.

c.

geocentrism.

d.

technocentrism.

e.

none of these.

ANS:

58. When organization managers have a(n) ____ attitude, they value
employees as an end in themselves.

a.

ethnocentric

b.

humanistic

c.

instrumental

d.

pluralistic

e.

performance

ANS:

59. When organization managers have a(n) ____ attitude, they treat
employees as resources to be used.

a.

ethnocentric

b.

humanistic

c.

instrumental

d.

pluralistic

e.

performance

ANS:

60. How many nations signed on for negotiation when GATT was created
in 1947?

a.

15

b.

23

c.

28

d.

40

e.

57

ANS:

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