Financial Accounting – Case Analysis #2

| March 14, 2016

Instructions:
In order to complete your case analysis successfully, items you should consider are as follows:
identify the role you are playing;
assess the financial reporting landscape, considering the user needs, constraints, and business environment;
identify the issues;
analyze the issues (qualitatively and quantitatively); and
provide a recommendation for each issue identified in the case.
An average grade will come from you answering all questions with basic coverage and accuracy, showing all your work. Additional points come from including greater detail, astute, informed commentary where appropriate and connections to readings and other content.
Respond in a single Word doc (or comparable text editor).
Henrietta’s Pine Bakery
Background
You are an Analyst for the professional service firm, BUSI 1043 LLP. Your firm specializes in providing a wide variety of internal business solutions for different clients. Given the outstanding feedback you received on your first engagement working for Big Spenders Inc., a Senior Manager in the Financial Advisory group requested your support on a compilation engagement.
Additional Information
Henrietta’s was established in 1963 when it first opened its doors in Dwight, Muskoka on highway 60. Over the past 50 years, there have been four owners and is currently owned by Carine & Geoff Harris who incorporated and took over the store on January 1, 2013. Their sons, Kyle and Nicholas have been an intricate part of the business from dishwashing to head bakers. Henrietta’s has grown over the years with the addition of new items all the time, but the “Sticky Buns and Clouds” remain the most popular items amongst the 150 varieties of breads and pastries.
Henrietta’s runs out of 90 square meters (1,000 share feet) of space. It has one entrance into the bakery and doors leading out to highway 60. Henrietta’s pays $5,000 per month for the rental of the space. Carine and Geoff were able to negotiate with the landlord and were not required to pay the first month’s rend in advance. All of the rental payments are current and up to date. For the last two years, Henrietta’s has had a very reliable accountant prepare its year-end financial statements and everything has been correct. This year, Henrietta’s accountant retired and Geoff did the best he could recording his own financial information. For the information he was not sure about, he kept all of the required supporting documentation. Geoff hired your firm, BUSI 1043 LLP to prepare his financial statements for the year. Geoff supplied you with his unadjusted trial balance and the information in Exhibit I to assist you.
Supplementary information:
The amount currently sitting in prepaids arose due the insurance policy last year. Geoff didn’t know how to correct it, so he left it. This year’s insurance policy was purchased on November 1 for $9,000. The policy runs from November 1 to October 31 of each year.
Geoff has a note that he owed $900 in wages to his employees for the period ending December 31st.
The loan was incurred when the bakery was opened. The loan carried an interest rate of 8%. The interest is payable two months after year end and the principal is due in 2019.
Henrietta’s will sometimes book special events with small organizations that are allowed to pay after the event has taken place. On December 29th, a small company had a gathering at the bakery. The company was billed $1,089 and has 30 days to pay it. Geoff has not yet recorded this in his financial records.
Henrietta’s declared a dividend of $5,000 on December 30th.
Geoff didn’t know how to record amortization for the year and so left it for you to record. Amortization for all assets is charged using a straight-line method by taking the cost of the asset and dividing it by its expected useful life. The assets have expected useful lives as follows:
Computer: 5 years
Bakery equipment: 10 years
Furniture and fixtures: 20 years
The information shows that Henrietta’s owes $400 for a telephone bill and $400 for electricity for December. These amounts have not been recorded yet.
Exhibit I
Henrietta’s Pine Bakery
Unadjusted Trial Balance
December 31, 2015

Account Name
Debit
Credit
Cash
$35,000

Accounts Receivable
5,600

Food Inventory
21,000

Merchandise Inventory
62,500

Prepaids
3,400

Computers
30,000

Accumulated Amortization – Computers

12,000
Bakery Equipment
90,000

Accumulated Amortization – Bakery Equipment

18,000
Furniture and Fixtures
150,000

Accumulated Amortization – Furniture and Fixtures

15,000
Accounts Payable

18,000
Accrued Liabilities


Interest Payable

Dividend Payable


Long-term Loan

220,000
Common Shares

50,000
Retained Earnings

22,000
Food Revenue

468,500
Internet Revenue

127,000
Merchandise Revenue

103,000
Food Expense
240,000

Internet Expense
54,000

Electricity Expense
65,000

Telephone Expense
20,000

Interest Expense
0

Salary Expense
200,000

Insurance Expense
9,000

Supplies Expense
8,000

Depreciation Expense

Rent Expense
60,000

1,053,500
1,053,500
Required
Based on the information you have, prepare the adjusting journal entries, an adjusting trial balance, the statement of earnings (income statement), statement of financial position (balance sheet), and statement of retained earnings. After you have completed the statements, prepare the closing journal entries and the posting closing trial balance. Ensure you show all of your work, and prepare proper journal entries and properly formatted financial statements.

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