# Finance-Assume you have a fixed amount of pasture

January 30, 2017

Question
I.COSTS

Assume you have a fixed amount of pasture. The table below shows the relationship between the number of cows run on the pasture and the amount of beef produced. Complete the table using the following information: Total fixed costs = \$20,000, variable cost of \$180 per cow, and a beef price of \$90.00 per cwt.

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My Name is Danette and I am trying to help my son with this class. I need help with the answers on pages 2 and 3. I do not understand a lot of farm accounting and I am struggling trying to teach him. He does not want to go to the tutors at NECC, he went once and flunked the assignment he got help with. If you could help me help him I would appreciate it. I will probably need how you figured your answers so I can teach him. Thank You so much

For questions 1 – 3 assume you do not own the pasture but are only making a study to determine if you could make a profit if you should purchase it.

1. Are you in the short run or long run with respect to the pasture?

Ans. ________________

2. What is the lowest beef price which would make purchasing the pasture and producing beef a breakeven deal? (i.e., the price would have to be higher than this value before you would have a profit.)

Ans._________________

a) How many cows would you want at this price?

Ans._________________

b) What would your profit or loss be?

Ans._________________

3. Assuming a \$90.00 beef price as given, would you purchase the pasture to raise beef? WHY?

Probably. This price is higher than the breakeven price so it would be a profitable decision. The decision would depend on what other alternatives I might have for investing the money.

For the remaining questions, assume you already own the pasture.

4. Are you in the short run or long run with respect to the pasture?

Ans___________

5. At the beef price of \$90.00 what is the optimum number of cows and what would your profit or loss be at this number and price?

Ans. _ Cows

Ans. ____________Profit or loss

6. If the price of beef was \$98.00 what is the optimum number of cows and the profit or loss at that number and price?

Ans. Cows

Ans. _____________Profit or loss

7. If the price of beef was \$60.00 what is the optimum number of cows and the profit or loss at that number and price?

Ans. Cows

Ans. ____________Profit or loss

8. If the price of beef was \$45.00 what is the optimum number of cows and the profit or loss at that number and price?

Ans. Cows

Ans. _____________Profit or loss

9. At some point the price of beef could be so low that you would be better off with no cows and leaving the pasture idle. This would happen whenever the price of beef was below what value?

Ans. _____

10. The price of beef would have to be at least \$ _____ to make 225 the optimum number of cows.

11. Assume a beef price of \$92.50 and an offer from a neighbor to rent your pasture for \$25,000 per year. As a profit maximizer, what should you do? Rent out your pasture or raise beef? Carefully explain your reason(s).

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