| February 9, 2016


Please choose two of the following four. For each item you must write a full essay (introduction, body, and conclusion). You must use material from the books (must use), articles, movies (Must use), and class discussion to make comparisons and give supporting evidence for your arguments. Do not let the two essays overlap too much in theory or examples.

Movies links :

2 books: Wayward Women: Sexuality and Agency in a New Guinea Society, Holly Wardlow 2006

Working the Nightshift: Women in India’s Call Center Industry, Reena Patel 2010

1. 1: Cultural encounter is a major vector for the transformation of societies as knowledge and technology are exchanged. But the form of these changes take often has less to do with the diffusion of traits and more to do with the structure and framing of the encounter itself. Consider two ways the structure or framing of an encounter can affect how a society is changed. At least one of the following themes must be considered: colonialism, neocolonialism, tourism, or globalization.

2. 2: Beginning with theories of social evolution, cultural and societal change has often been characterized as unidirectional progress from simple tradition-based societies toward complex civilization. More recently, modernization has usually been viewed as a process in which traditional ways are lost or destroyed. However, as societies attempt to construct their own versions of modernity, many so-called traditions may actually gain importance. Using examples from at least two cases discuss how and why traditions can be reproduced, reinvented, or preserved in the context of modernization.

3. 3: Globalization is generally defined in terms of economic, political, and cultural integration. But the processes and effects of globalization are also gendered in various ways. Using different cases either from the books, articles, or movies, discuss at least two ways globalization is gendered. The following themes may be considered: changing division of labor, migration and transmigration, empowerment and exploitation, localization of globalization, differential effects and inequality, changing patterns of kinship and marriage, or shifting ideas about gender and sexuality.

4. 4: Cultural transformation involves changes in societal structures and cultural ideas. In many cases, these changes can lead to challenges to the ways a culture defines what it means to be a man or a woman and new categories of personhood may be created. Using examples from at least two sources, discuss how new categories of people or new identities have emerged as a result of cultural change.

Grading Rubric

Formatting and Organization: Does the student follow the correct format and organization?

Grammar and Style: Does the student use correct grammar and college style through out the paper?

Themes: Does the student show an understanding of the main themes of the film and of anthropology?

Response: Does the student intellectually respond to the some of the themes presented in the film?

Does the student fully address the topic of the question?

Key Conceptis: Does the student demonstrate and understanding of the key concepts associated with the question?

Course Material: Does the student use a variety of course material to make comparisons and draw conclusions?

Answer the following question.

Consider the following quote by Kurt Vonnegut:

I didn’t learn until I was in college about all the other cultures, and I should have learned that in the first grade. A first grader should understand that his or her culture isn’t a rational invention; that there are thousands of other cultures and they all work pretty well; that all cultures function on faith rather than truth; that there are lots of alternatives to our own society. Cultural relativity is defensible and attractive. It’s also a source of hope. It means we don’t have to continue this way if we don’t like it.

Define and discuss what part or this entire quote means. (For example, what does it mean that culture isn’t a rational invention? How can cultural relativity be a source of hope?). Why are these things all people should understand?

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