devy psyc110 ch 6 post test

| September 28, 2018

An important factor in the formation of prototypes is:

intelligence.

emotional intelligence.

culture.

scientific information.

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
How People Think, p. 265

2)
Shelly took the Stanford-Binet test at age 10 and scored a
mental age of 13. Using Stern’s formula, her IQ is:

130

30

13

100

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Intelligence, p. 277

3)
Five-year old Jordan is seeing a speech therapist in his
preschool once a week because he has difficulty saying the “r” sound in his own
name. When he says his name, people think it sounds like “jaw-dun.” From a
language perspective, Jordan is having difficulty with a specific _______.

pragmatic

phoneme

syntax

morpheme

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Language, p. 294

4)
________ is the ability to adapt and deal with new problems
or challenges the first time you encounter them.

Analytical intelligence

Practical intelligence

Fluid intelligence

Emotional intelligence

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Applying Psychology to Everyday Life: Mental and Physical Exercises Combine for
Better Cognitive Health, p. 300

5)
Abby’s new puppy cries each night when left in her crate.
When Abby picks up the puppy and holds her to her chest, the puppy stops crying
and falls asleep. However, after she puts the puppy back in the crate, the
crying begins again. After a few nights, Abby suddenly realizes that her
heartbeat is helping the dog fall asleep. She places a ticking clock next to
the crate, and the puppy goes right to sleep at night. Abby’s realization is an
example of:

an algorithm.

trial and error.

insight.

a heuristic.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
How People Think, p. 268

6)
The ________ involves estimating the likelihood of an event
based on how easy it is to recall relevant information from memory.

availability heuristic

means-end analysis

trial and error method

representative heuristic

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
How People Think, p. 267

7)
A mechanical problem-solving technique is also referred to
as:

algorithmic.

heuristic devices.

means–end analysis.

trial and error.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
How People Think, pp. 266-267

8)
One barrier to innovative problem solving is persisting in
using techniques that have been successful in the past, also known as:

confirmation bias.

convergent thinking.

mental set.

mind set.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
How People Think, p. 270

9)
When the solution to a problem suddenly comes to mind, it is
called:

means-end analysis.

consciousness.

insight.

intelligence.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
How People Think, p. 268

10)
Creative intelligence is related to:

emotional intelligence.

convergent thinking.

divergent thinking.

“street smarts.”

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
How People Think, p. 272

11)
Only differences among people in general can be investigated
for the influence of genes because genes always interact with:

ecological factors.

gender.

biological factors.

environmental factors.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Intelligence, p. 291

12)
A person with an IQ over 145 may be best categorized as:

average.

developmentally delayed.

gifted.

a genius.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Intelligence, pp. 286-287

13)
_________ includes the ability to be self-motivated, to feel
what others feel, and to be socially skilled.

Practical intelligence

Analytical intelligence

Emotional intelligence

Creative intelligence

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Intelligence, p. 289

14)
________, which is caused by a defect in a male gene that
leads to deficiency in a protein needed for brain development, is a biological
cause of intellectual disability.

Down syndrome

Fragile X syndrome

Familial retardation

Fetal alcohol syndrome

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Intelligence, p. 286

15)
If a test does not measure what it’s supposed to measure,
then it lacks:

standardization.

cultural bias.

reliability.

validity.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Intelligence, p. 279

16)
Kanzi, the chimpanzee, communicates with researchers by
using:

abstract symbols on a keyboard and making some sounds.

some sign language and many sounds.

symbols on a keyboard and sign language.

music notes on a keyboard.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Language, pp. 287-298

17)
The rhythm and emphasis of communicating is part of which
language structure?

grammar

phonemes

syntax

pragmatics

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Language, p. 295

18)
The cognitive universalism theory states that:

all languages are similar in certain universal ways.

concepts are universal and influence the development of
language.

all languages have the same pragmatics.

thought processes and concepts are controlled by language.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Language, p. 296

19)
Recent studies support Rosch-Heider’s theory of ______,
rather than the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.

a cognitive universalism

a collective monologue

linguistic relativity

the language acquisition device

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Language, p. 296

20)
Vygotsky believed that:

learning concepts first helped students have better
vocabularies.

language could help a child learn to control social
behavior.

concepts preceded and aided the development of language.

“private speech” was a sign of a mood disorder.

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