Devry SOCS325 midterm exam 2015

| December 12, 2017

Page 1

Question 1.1. (TCO 1) Climatologists continue to debate
global warming. Which of the following is NOT an argument against the global
warming hypothesis? (Points : 5)
variations are normal, cyclical processes.
The sun may be
putting out more radiation then in the measurable past.
activity demonstrates cyclical patterns of activity.
temperatures worldwide have actually been dropping slightly.

Question 2.2. (TCO 2) The realist-constructionist debate in
environmental sociology is characterized by differences in materialist versus
idealist explanations of social life. Which of the following distinguishes a
constructionist perspective on environment problems? (Points : 5)
problems need to be understood in terms of the threats posed by society’s
current ecological relations.
There is no
difference between the realist and constructionist approaches to environmental
problems-they are in agreement.
The way we
conceptualize and define environmental problems is a key focus.

Constructionists do not believe that we have environmental problems,
rather the concerns are all constructed by alarmists.

Question 3.3. (TCO 3) The 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was
awarded to three scientists whose work led to discovery of the causes for the
thinning of the earth’s atmosphere by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Which of the
following was NOT one of these scientists? (Points : 5)
Mario Molina
Paul Crutzen
Aldo Leopold

Question 4.4. (TCO 4) Who is/was the “original affluent
society” according to Marshall Sahlins? (Points : 5)
Agrarian pastoralists
The aristocracy
of Europe and Asia
Wealthy Western

Question 5.5. (TCO 5) The hau of material objects refers to:
(Points : 5)
belief in animate objects.
the utility of
material objects that serve our interests.
connections and social relationships embodied in things.
the respect we
have for tools and technologies created by humans.

Question 6.6. (TCO 6) According to your text, automobiles
are implicated in which of the following environmental problems? (Points : 5)
Acid rain
fertility in animal species
Oil spills
All of the

Question 7.7. (TCO 7) According to Malthus, population
grows: (Points : 5)
in fits and starts.
at a steady,
measured pace.

Question 8.8. (TCO 7) Which of the following does Sen claim
will NOT insure food availability? (Points : 5)
Dependable food
Land reform

Question 9.9. (TCO 3) What percentage of the world’s
original forests remain? (Points : 5)

Question 10.10. (TCO 5) What is the average number of
traffic deaths each year in the U.S.? (Points : 5)
Under 4,000
About 10,000
About 40,000
Well over

Page 2

Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) Define environmental sociology and
what environmental sociologists study. If you were an environmental
sociologist, explain your daily day. Compare and contrast how environmental
sociologists differ from other types of sociologists. (Points : 30)

Question 2. 2. (TCO 2) Describe the environments impact on
race, poverty, and disempowerment. Explain how this impacts human inequality
and how it creates a community of haves and have nots. Compare and contrast
some ways you would solve some of these issues of inequality. (Points : 30)

Question 3. 3. (TCO 4) Describe what materialism is and how
someone can be materialistic. Give a few detailed examples. Identify why
environmental sociologists are so interested in studying materialism. What are
some ways our society can be less materialistic? What are some of the positives
and negatives of materialism? (Points : 30)

Question 4. 4. (TCO 6) Describe green technology, and give a
few examples of green technology currently being used in our society. Also,
describe how green technology can be used to make our society more sustainable.
Pick one form of green technology and describe in detail how it produces energy
more cleanly compared to petroleum sources. (Points : 30)

Question 5. 5. (TCO 7) Describe in detail our population’s
impact on the environment. Provide a few detailed examples. Also, compare and
contrast population rates in different parts of the world. Which areas are
increasing more than others, and why? Do you think the human population will
continue to always increase? (Points : 30)

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