devry psyc110 week 4 Midterm latest 2016 june

| June 13, 2018

devry psyc110 week 4 Midterm latest 2016 june
1. Question : (TCOs 1, 2) Sandi
is a single mother living in a project in a poor section of the city. She has
addiction issues and just lost custody of her three children. What type of
mental health professional is most likely to get involved in Sandi’s situation?

Educational psychologist

Psychiatrist

Psychiatric social worker

Counselor

Question 2. Question
: (TCO 4) The administration of
Midwest State University wants to know if the arrangement of chairs affects
student participation in classrooms. What would be a good operational
definition of the dependent variable in an experiment designed to measure this
relationship?

Class size: under 50 or over 50

Number of students enrolled in each class

Chair arrangement: theater style or circular

Frequency with which students ask questions

Question 3. Question
: (TCOs 2, 3) As Joe walks to
his car late at night, he hears footsteps behind him. Feeling afraid, Joe grips
his keys and quickens his pace. It is likely that Joe’s _____ has been
activated.

hypothalamus

hippocampus

amygdala

cerebellum

Question 4. Question
: (TCOs 2, 3) What do we call the state of a neuron when it
is not firing a neural impulse?

Action potential

Resting potential

Myelination signal

Transmission impulse

Question 5. Question
: (TCOs 2, 3) _____ are holes in the surface of the
dendrites, or certain cells of the muscles and glands that are shaped to fit
only certain neurotransmitters.

Neurotransmitters

Axons

Synaptic vesicles

Receptor sites

Question 6. Question
: (TCO 4) Jamie, a toddler, is
making distinctions about various aspects of color in terms of whether it looks
red, blue, and so forth. In doing so, she is referring to its

amplitude.

lightness.

hue.

reflection.

Question 7. Question
: ( TCO 4) What are the five primary tastes?

Hot, sour, spicy, sweet, origami

Salty, sour, spicy, sweet, tart

Bitter, salty, sour, sweet, umami

Peppery, salty, sour, sweet, acidic

Question 8. Question
: (TCO 4) Perception is the

process by which people take all the
sensations they experience at any given moment and interpret them in some
meaningful fashion.
action of physical stimuli on receptors
leading to sensations.

interpretation of memory based on selective
attention.

act of selective attention from sensory
storage.

Question 9. Question
: (TCO 5) Judith is startled
when her 6-year-old daughter, Laura, sleepwalks into the family room. It is
most likely that Laura is experiencing the _____ stage of the sleep cycle.

REM

first

second

fourth

Question 10. Question
: (TCO 5) You are telling a joke
to your friend, who is laughing uproariously and then suddenly collapses to the
floor. You are not surprised to later learn that he has a sleep disorder known
as ¬¬¬

enuresis.

narcolepsy.

sleep terror.

daytime insomnia.

Question 11. Question
: (TCO 5) How does the
activation-synthesis hypothesis explain dreaming?

the surfacing of repressed sexual urges

biological attempts to make recent memories
more permanent

the cortex making sense of signals from the
brain stem

the use of elaborate symbolism to disguise
“unthinkable” topics

Question 12. Question
: (TCOs 7, 8) Sue noticed that whenever she opened the door
to the pantry, her dog would come into the kitchen and act hungry by drooling
and whining. She thought that because the dog food was stored in the pantry, the
sound of the door had become a(n)

unconditioned stimulus.

conditioned stimulus.

unconditioned response.

conditioned response.

Question 13. Question
: (TCOs 7, 8) John has been
working on a math problem late at night without success; he falls asleep. Upon
awakening, John suddenly realizes how to answer the problem. This best
illustrates which of the following?

Observational learning

Latent learning

Insight learning

Cognitive learning

1. Question : (TCOs 7, 8) For observational learning to occur, each of
the following must happen EXCEPT

paying attention to what the model does.

remembering what the model did.

doing what the model did.

being reinforced for imitating the model.

Question 2. Question
: (TCO 7) Janie is taking an
exam in her history class. On the exam, there is a question that asks her to
state and discuss the five major causes of the Trans-Caspian War. Janie
remembers four of them. She knows there is a fifth, but time is up. As Janie is
walking down the stairs, all of a sudden, she remembers the fifth point, but it
is too late. Janie had a problem with

encoding.

storage.

retrieval.

evaluation.

Question 3. Question
: (TCO 7) Adrianna is trying to
memorize the names of the bones in the hand. She had gone through a list of
them when her phone rang. After she gets off the phone, she is MOST likely to
remember the first few bone names because of the

elaboration effect.

recency effect.

primacy effect.

maintenance effect.

Question 4. Question
: (TCO 7) Moishe can remember
only the first two items and the last two items on the grocery list that his
wife just read to him over the phone. The other five items in between are gone.
This is an example of the

encoding specificity effect.

serial position effect.

TOT effect.

reintegrative effect.

Question 5. Question
: (TCO 8) Seventy percent of the students in a
classroom are women and 30 percent are men. One student is described as
ambitious, athletic, and assertive. Why are most people likely to think this
description refers to a male student?

They are using the availability heuristic.

They are using the representativeness
heuristic.

People seek only confirming information.

People tend to make relative comparisons.

Question 6. Question
: (TCO 8) You are learning
Russian in preparation for a trip next summer. Although you are doing a good
job recognizing the written signs you need to know, you are having trouble with
the sounds of the Russian language. Which of the following aspects of language
is giving you trouble?

Syntax

Phonemes

Morphemes

Audiograms

Question 7. Question
: (TCO 9) Monica put all her time and energy into
getting into the acting club because her main goal in life “was to be a famous
star!” Monica’s drive to be famous was a(n) _____ drive.

primary

reflexive

acquired

tertiary

Question 8. Question
: (TCO 9) Glenn believes he can learn from his mistakes
and that study and perseverance will help him improve his intelligence.
According to Dweck, what locus of control does Glenn have?

Internal locus of control

Decremental

Incidental

External locus of control

Question 9. Question
: (TCO 9) You are walking in the forest and see a bear.
According to the Cannon-Bard theory, what happens next?

You experience physiological changes followed
by fear.

You feel fear followed by physiological
changes.

You experience physiological changes and a
feeling of fear simultaneously.
You experience physiological changes and
context appraisal followed by fear.

Question 10. Question
: (TCO 11) Donita is angry with her boss, so she leaves
work a little early in order to run an extra mile before it gets dark. Which
defense mechanism is Donita employing?

Repression

Reaction formation

Rationalization

Sublimation

Question 11. Question
: (TCO 11) Ruth-Ann just graduated from high school; she
is trying out for the soccer team at the college that she will attend in the
fall. She knows that it will be more competitive than her high school team, but
she believes in her ability to succeed and plans to practice all summer.
Bandura would say that Ruth might have an edge over some competitors simply
because she has

high self-efficacy.

self-actualization.

set aside the time to practice.

an external locus of control.

Question 12. Question
: (TCO 11) Which theories are less concerned with the
explanation of personality development and changing personality than they are
with describing personality and predicting behavior based on that description?

Trait
theories

Psychodynamic theories

Archetype theories

Behaviorist theories

1. Question : (TCOs 2, 3, 4) What are the primary functions of the
sympathetic and parasympathetic components of the peripheral nervous system?
Describe a situation or experience in which activation of the sympathetic and
parasympathetic divisions has occurred.

Question 2. Question
: (TCOs 5, 7) Describe Pavlov’s
classical conditioning studies in terms of the UCS, UCR, CS, CR, and his
results. Briefly discuss two examples of classical conditioning in your own
life, naming the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR.

Question 3. Question
: (TCOs 7, 8) The information
processing of memory is one of the best-known models in all of psychology.
Describe the three stages of memory and their characteristics. Explain how the
three-stage model of memory might explain the famous serial position effect.

Question 4. Question
: (TCOs 9, 11 ) Why does
Freudian theory garner so much criticism? What are some positive qualities of
Freud’s theory that might describe behavior in the twenty-first century?

Question 5. Question
: (TCOs 7, 8) What is meant by a
flashbulb memory? Describe its characteristics. Give an example that is
well-known. Some psychologists are not impressed by these well-known examples
of this phenomenon. What are some of the criticisms of the idea of flashbulb
memory?

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