devry psyc110 midterm exam done on april 23 2015 latest version

| September 29, 2018

(TCOs 1, 2) Participants in research early in psychology’s
history might have been asked to view a chair and describe its color, shape,
texture, and other aspects of their conscious experience. These individuals
would have been using a method called


objective introspection.



Question 2. Question : (TCO 4) As part of
a psychology experiment, Brett decides to measure a person’s “anxiety” by
noting the number of blinks a person makes in a 20-minute social interaction
with a stranger. Brett appears to have offered a(n) _____ of anxiety.


operational definition



Points Received: 2 of 2

Question 3. Question
: (TCOs 2, 3) Marta was in an automobile accident and
suffered an injury to her brain, resulting in the paralysis of her left arm.
What part of Marta’s brain was injured?

Auditory association area

Motor cortex

Association areas

Somatosensory cortex

Question 4. Question
: (TCOs 2, 3) A group of axons bundled together coated in
myelin that travels together through the body is called a

synaptic vesicle.



myelinated pathway.

Question 5. Question
: (TCOs 2, 3) _____ are holes in the surface of the
dendrites, or certain cells of the muscles and glands that are shaped to fit
only certain neurotransmitters.



Synaptic vesicles

Receptor sites

Question 6. Question
: (TCO 4) Which of the following phenomena is a
function of the distribution of the rods and cones in the retina?

The moon looks much larger near the horizon
than it looks when it is higher in the sky.
The light from distant stars moving rapidly
away from us is shifted toward the red end of the spectrum.
Stars can be seen only with difficulty during
the daytime.

A dim star viewed at night may disappear when
you look directly at it, but reappear when you look to one side of it.
Instructor Explanation: Cones are at the center of the retina and do
not function well at night, but rods, located on the periphery of the retina,
see well in dim light. Chapter 3, pages 98–99.

Question 7. Question
: ( TCO 4) What are the five primary tastes?

Hot, sour, spicy, sweet, origami

Salty, sour, spicy, sweet, tart

Bitter, salty, sour, sweet, umami

Peppery, salty, sour, sweet, acidic


Question 8. Question
: (TCO 4) Suppose your town is
located in a valley. Obviously, you’ll realize that the size of your town
doesn’t change regardless of whether you look at it up close or from a hilltop.
This is primarily due to

size constancy.

color constancy.

retinal disparity.


Question 9. Question
: (TCO 5) Sid is taking part in
research on the effects of sleep deprivation; he has been without sleep for 75
hours. Right now, researchers have asked him to sit in front of a computer
screen and hit a button each time he sees the letter S on the screen. A few
days ago, Sid was a whiz at this task; however, he is doing very poorly today.
How are sleep researchers likely to explain Sid’s poor performance?

Due to the sleep deprivation, Sid does not
understand the task.
Microsleeps are occurring due to the sleep
deprivation and he is asleep for brief periods of time.
He is determined to ruin the research because
of the suffering he is enduring at the hands of the researchers.
He is probably dreaming that he is somewhere
else and has no interest in responding to the “here and now.”
Instructor Explanation: Microsleeps occur, causing a block-out during
that time. Chapter 4, page 140.

Question 10. Question
: (TCO 5) You are telling a joke
to your friend, who is laughing uproariously and then suddenly collapses to the
floor. You are not surprised to later learn that he has a sleep disorder known
as ¬¬¬



sleep terror.

daytime insomnia.

Question 11. Question
: (TCO 5) How does the
activation-synthesis hypothesis explain dreaming?

the surfacing of repressed sexual urges

biological attempts to make recent memories
more permanent

the cortex making sense of signals from the
brain stem

the use of elaborate symbolism to disguise
“unthinkable” topics

Question 12. Question
: (TCOs 7, 8) Sue noticed that whenever she opened the door
to the pantry, her dog would come into the kitchen and act hungry by drooling
and whining. She thought that because the dog food was stored in the pantry,
the sound of the door had become a(n)

unconditioned stimulus.

conditioned stimulus.

unconditioned response.

conditioned response.

Question 13. Question
: (TCOs 7, 8) Bill hates to clean up after dinner. One
night, he volunteers to bathe the dog before cleaning up. When he finishes with
the dog and returns to the kitchen, his wife has cleaned everything up for him.
Which of the following statements is most likely true?

Bill will start cleaning up the kitchen
before he bathes the dog.
Bill’s wife has positively reinforced him for
bathing the dog.

Bill’s wife has negatively reinforced him for
bathing the dog.

Bill will never bathe the dog again.

(TCOs 7, 8) A young
child watches her mother make pancakes. She wants to please her mother so she
pays attention. However, when she goes to make them on her own, she can’t break
the eggs for the batter without making a terrible mess and dropping them on the
floor, no matter how hard she tries. Her attempt failed because of a problem
with which part of the necessary components for observational learning?





Question 2. Question
: (TCO 7) Suzy looks up from her
lunch, realizing that Jacques has just said something to her. What was it? Oh,
yes, he has just asked her if she wants to go to the movies. Suzy’s ability to
retrieve what Jacques said is due to her

iconic sensory memory.

echoic sensory memory.

short-term memory.

tactile sensory memory.

Question 3. Question
: (TCO 7) Adrianna is trying to
memorize the names of the bones in the hand. She had gone through a list of
them when her phone rang. After she gets off the phone, she is MOST likely to
remember the first few bone names because of the

elaboration effect.

recency effect.

primacy effect.

maintenance effect.

Question 4. Question
: (TCO 7) Moishe can remember
only the first two items and the last two items on the grocery list that his
wife just read to him over the phone. The other five items in between are gone.
This is an example of the

encoding specificity effect.

serial position effect.

TOT effect.

reintegrative effect.

Question 5. Question
: (TCO 8) Sally is enrolled in a high school geometry
course, which she describes as “drawing figures and figuring drawings.” In a
typical class, students draw geometric figures and use a formula to calculate
an aspect of the figure, such as its area. Each time Sally uses a formula, she
is making use of what psychologists call





Question 6. Question
: (TCO 8) Which of the following statements about
gifted people is true?

They are more likely to suffer from mental

They are physically weaker than nongifted

They are often skilled leaders.

They are socially unskilled.

Question 7. Question
: (TCO 9) Monica put all her time and energy into
getting into the acting club because her main goal in life “was to be a famous
star!” Monica’s drive to be famous was a(n) _____ drive.





Question 8. Question
: (TCO 9) Glenn believes he can learn from his mistakes
and that study and perseverance will help him improve his intelligence.
According to Dweck, what locus of control does Glenn have?

Internal locus of control



External locus of control

Question 9. Question
: (TCO 9) Although Kim just ate a huge meal and feels
“stuffed,” the idea of a chocolate sundae is too good to pass up. Which
motivational term explains the appeal of the sundae?



Drive reduction

Cognitive dissonance

Question 10. Question
: (TCO 11) Carolyn took home some printer paper from the
office. Later, she felt guilty for stealing it, so she brought some paper to
work to replace what she took. Freud would suggest that Carolyn’s _____ was
influencing her motives and behavior.


unconscious mind



Question 11. Question
: (TCO 11) A famous psychologist argues that there are
three factors that influence personality: environment, person, and behavior.
This psychologist is most likely a _____ psychologist.


social cognitive



Question 12. Question
: (TCO 11) Which theories are less concerned with the
explanation of personality development and changing personality than they are
with describing personality and predicting behavior based on that description?


Psychodynamic theories

Archetype theories

Behaviorist theories

(TCOs 2, 3, 4) What are the primary functions of the
sympathetic and parasympathetic components of the peripheral nervous system?
Describe a situation or experience in which activation of the sympathetic and
parasympathetic divisions has occurred.

Question 2. Question
: (TCO 5, 7) List and describe
the different stages of sleep. What position do you hold regarding the purpose
of sleep and its stages?

Question 3. Question
: (TCOs 7, 8) What is the
definition of language? What is the evidence, pro and con, as to whether
nonhuman animals have a capacity for language?

Question 4. Question
: (TCOs 9, 11 ) Why does
Freudian theory garner so much criticism? What are some positive qualities of
Freud’s theory that might describe behavior in the twenty-first century?
ow does the concept of instinctive drift relate to these
examples? What types of behaviors would be included?

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