devry psyc110 chapter 3 pretest

| August 14, 2017

Chapter 03 PreTest – PreTest

1)
The use of preexisting knowledge to organize individual
features into a unified whole is known as:

top-down processing.

perceptual expectancy.

bottom-up processing.

precognition.

2)
Which of the following is TRUE about depth perception?

It is the ability to see in two dimensions.

It is almost always present in people who were blind from
birth and later had their sight restored.

It helps one to judge how far away objects are.

It does not develop until the toddler years.

3)
In Gestalt theories, the principle of closure refers to the
tendency to:

perceive events happening close together as related.

perceive objects as existing on a background.

perceive similar objects as belonging together.

complete incomplete figures.

4)
_____ refers to a rapid series of still pictures that seem
to be in motion.

The autokinetic effect

The apparent distance hypothesis

Stroboscopic motion

The phi phenomenon

5)
Research suggests that perception may be influenced by all
of the following EXCEPT:

different expectancies.

misinterpretation of perceptual cues.

if someone is right-brained versus left-brained.

culture.

6)
Which of the following is TRUE about pictorial depth cues?

They require visual cues from only one eye.

They require visual cues from both eyes.

Usually they are not needed for perceiving depth in the
world.

They are often referred to as binocular cues.

7)
People who have difficulty with their hearing are said to be
either totally or partially:

pitch challenged.

mute.

hearing impaired.

tone deaf.

8)
Nerve hearing impairment can be helped with the use of:

ordinary hearing aids.

cochlear implants.

auditory implants.

electrode surgery.

9)
Which mammals have the ability to hear up to 200,000 Hz?

dolphins

humans

cats

dogs

10)
A highly saturated red color would contain ________
wavelengths.

only blue

more red than blue

a mixture of different

only red

11)
Rods are visual sensory receptors responsible for:

focusing images on the retina.

visual accommodation.

color vision.

noncolor sensitivity to low light.

12)
Where is the retina located?

in the brain

at the back of the eye

at the front of the eye

in the aqueous humor

13)
What are the three primary colors of light?

red, blue, green

red, yellow, blue

yellow, green, blue

red, yellow, green

14)
Which of the following is TRUE about color blindness?

The most common type is called monochrome color blindness.

It is more prevalent among females than males.

It is caused by defective cones in the iris of the eye.

When it involves one set of cones, it is an inherited
recessive trait.

15)
The three aspects to the perception of light are brightness,
color, and:

refraction.

reflection.

sharpness.

saturation.

16)
The ________ is the lowest level of stimulation that a
person can consciously detect 50 percent of the time the stimulation is
present.

just noticeable difference

absolute threshold

difference threshold

minimal sensory threshold

17)
The term ______ refers to stimuli that are below the level
of conscious awareness.

subliminal stimuli

sensory receptor

just noticeable difference

absolute threshold

, p. 94

18)
The tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant, unchanging
information is known as:

event-related adaptation.

habituation.

sensory overload.

sensory adaptation.

19)
In 1996, Lindemann proposed a fifth primary receptor that
detects which type of taste?

brothy

earthy

vinegary

peppery

20)
What is the common name for the taste receptor cells?

papillae

super tasters

gustations

taste buds

21)
Which of the following statements best explains how the
sense of taste works?

Olfactory bulbs absorb molecules of taste and then send
signals to the brain.

Molecules of taste are absorbed through receptors on the
roof of the mouth and transmitted to the stomach.

Molecules of taste are absorbed into the saliva and
circulated throughout the blood until they reach the brain.

Molecules of food fit into receptors on taste buds, and
neural signals are fired to the brain.

22)
Terry stepped on a nail while walking around barefoot in her
yard one week ago. The spot where the skin was punctured still hurts, reminding
her to take it easy on her foot. The soreness Terry is experiencing is known as
________ pain.

pressure

somatic

gate-control

visceral

23)
According to gate-control theory:

a structure in the spinal cord is closed when pain signals
enter the spinal cord.

when the spinal gates open farther, there is a greater
experience of pain.

pain signals must pass through a “gate” located in
the brain.

the activity of the spinal gate can be opened by nonpain
signals.

24)
Motion sickness can be explained by:

environmental discord.

an imbalance in the kinesthetic senses.

conflict between visual input and other sensory input.

a type of allergic reaction.

25)
________ can inhibit the transmission of pain signals in the
brain.

Endorphins

Synesthesia

Substance P

Kinesthesia

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code: ESSAYHELPOrder Now