devry psyc110 ch 8 post lab test

| September 28, 2018

Vygotsky’s _________ is the difference between what a child
can do alone versus what a child can do with the help of a teacher.

theory of scaffolding

zone of proximal development

formal operations stage

concrete operations stage

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Infancy and Childhood Development, p. 324

2)
When you touch an infant’s cheek, he will turn toward your
hand, open his mouth, and search for the nipple. This is known as the ________
reflex.

rooting

startle

Moro

sucking

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Infancy and Childhood Development, p. 318

3)
The visual cliff experiment showed that babies have:

the ability to follow verbal cues.

a stepping reflex.

excellent vision.

some depth perception.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Infancy and Childhood Development, pp. 319-320

4)
When the mass of cells does not completely split apart, the
result is:

a miscarriage.

conjoined twins.

a spontaneous abortion.

identical twins.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Prenatal Development, p. 312

5)
________ may cause miscarriage and low birth weight for the
developing embryo.

Caffeine

Rubella

Syphilis

Mercury

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Prenatal Development, p. 315

6)
The cell resulting from fertilization is called a(n):

ovum.

zygote.

fetus.

mitosis.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Prenatal Development, p. 312

7)
______ is a teratogen that may cause blindness.

Caffeine

Marijuana

Rubella

Radiation

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Prenatal Development, p. 315

8)
Adolescence refers to the period between:

ages 11 and 14.

age 13 and the early 20s.

puberty and middle adulthood.

childhood and late adulthood.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Adolescence, p. 334

9)
Many researchers believe that ________ is necessary to break
away from childhood dependence on parents and become self-sufficient adults.

a sense of initiative

conflict and rebellion

getting a job

a sense of self

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Adolescence, pp. 337-338

10)
Pete and Evelyn are decorating the room for the baby they
are expecting. To ensure that the baby’s room provides appropriate stimulation,
the couple seek the advice of a developmental psychologist, who tells them that
newborns prefer to look at:

one dimension rather than three.

simple rather than complex patterns.

human faces.

animals rather than people.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Infancy and Childhood Development, p. 319

11)
Seeing a dog for the first time, Kenetra—whose family owns a
cat—points and says “cat.” Piaget would say this is an example of:

egocentrism.

object permanence.

assimilation.

accommodation.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Infancy and Childhood Development, p. 321

12)
Games such as “peek-a-boo” are important for infants because
they help babies develop _____________.

accommodation

assimilation

schemes

a sense of object permanence

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Infancy and Childhood Development, p. 322

13)
Olivia is in peak physical health. Her senses are sharp, and
her cognitive abilities are mature. Olivia is most likely in which of the
following age groups?

teens

40s

20s

50s

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Adulthood, p. 339

14)
One disadvantage of the longitudinal design is:

individuals of different ages are being compared to each
another.

that it is extremely complicated.

ethical concerns.

the lengthy amount of time involved.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Issues in Studying Human Development, p. 306

15)
Vygotsky emphasized the importance of social interactions in
cognitive development, whereas ________ stressed the importance of the child’s
interactions with objects.

Piaget

Harlow

Ainsworth

Erikson

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Infancy and Childhood Development, p. 324

16)
When Calvin’s mother left him with the babysitter, Calvin
said, “Mommy go.” This is an example of:

child-directed speech.

telegraphic speech.

a holophrase.

one-word speech.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Infancy and Childhood Development, p. 325

17)
Dr. Austin is studying the effects of aging on memory. She
gives an initial test of memory to a group of 20 year olds and a group of 40
year olds. Then she follows both groups of participants for a period of 5
years, regularly giving them memory tests during that time. Which research
design is Dr. Austin using?

longitudinal

genetic-potential

cross-sectional

cross-sequential

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Issues in Studying Human Development, p. 306

18)
When Lira was born, her parents agreed to allow her to
participate in a research project that investigates the development of motor
skills in children. Every year, Lira’s parents complete a survey answering
questions about how Lira’s motor skills have changed. The researchers are using
only one group of parents and children for the study. Lira and her parents are
participating in a study that uses a ________ design.

cross-sectional

cross-sequential

combination of cross-sectional and cross-sequential

longitudinal

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Issues in Studying Human Development, p. 306

19)
A research design in which one participant or group of
similar participants is followed and studied over a long period of time is
called a ________ design.

latitudinal

cross-sequential

longitudinal

cross-sectional

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Issues in Studying Human Development, p. 306

20)
A researcher spends her entire career comparing the relative
influences of heredity and environment on the development of alcoholism in men.
This researcher works in the field of:

moral development.

physical development.

behavioral genetics.

environmental genetics.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Issues in Studying Human Development, p. 307

21)
________ is carried by recessive genes and inherited when a
child inherits two recessive genes.

Turner’s syndrome

Cystic fibrosis

Down syndrome

Fragile X syndrome

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Basic Building Blocks of Development, p. 309

22)
Down syndrome is:

caused by environmental factors.

an inherited disorder.

a chromosome disorder.

recessive.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Basic Building Blocks of Development, p. 310

23)
Genes are located on:

DNA.

chromosomes.

amines.

autosomes.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Basic Building Blocks of Development, p. 308

24)
A ______ will always be expressed in the observable trait.

physical feature

dominant gene

recessive gene

chromosome

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Basic Building Blocks of Development, p. 309

25)
Erikson believes that during late adulthood, people engage
in a process called:

indulgence.

a life review.

materialism.

libero.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Adulthood, pp. 342-343

26)
The first stage in Kübler-Ross’s theory is:

denial.

bargaining.

anger.

depression.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Adulthood, pp. 344-345

27)
People who ________ have been found to be far less likely to
develop memory problems in old age.

consistently get 8 hours of sleep each night

exercise their mental abilities

take vitamins

exercise regularly

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Adulthood, p. 341

28)
During the intimacy versus isolation stage, Erikson saw the
primary task to be:

maturing one’s cognitive abilities.

finding a mate.

becoming self-sufficient with a job.

establishing a home separate from one’s parents.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Adulthood, p. 341

29)
Generally speaking, a person experiences the peak of their
physical functioning during their:

30s.

40s.

20s.

teen years.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Adulthood, p. 339

30)
One theory suggests that the effects of aging are produced
by oxygen molecules with unstable electrons bounding around and damaging
structures inside our cells. This is called ________ theory.

cellular clock

wear-and-tear

free-radical

activity

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
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