devry psyc110 ch 5 post lab test

| September 29, 2018

Changes such as an increase in height or the size of the
brain are called:

maturation.

classical conditioning.

reflex.

unconditioned response.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Definition of Learning, p. 176

2)
In Köhler’s experiment, Sultan the chimp first used just one
stick that was lying in his cage to rake the banana into the cage, and then he
learned to fit two sticks together to reach a banana placed farther away. This
was an example of:

trial-and-error learning.

classical conditioning.

latent learning.

insight.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Cognitive Learning Theory, p. 207

3)
Which of the following individuals believed that cognition
was an important part of behavior?

Martin Seligman

John Watson

B. F. Skinner

Edward Thorndike

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Cognitive Learning Theory, pp. 207-209

4)
Further studies that followed Köhler’s work with
chimpanzees:

have shown that chimpanzees are the only animals that have
insight.

have found no support for the concept of animal insight.

have found support for the concept of animal insight.

have shown definitively that animals have insight.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Cognitive Learning Theory, p. 207

5)
The four elements of observational learning are attention,
memory, ______, and ______.

imitation; cognition

imitation; desire

cognition; imagination

imagination; desire

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Observational Learning, pp. 210-211

6)
_____ is learning new behavior by watching a model perform
that behavior.

Vicarious conditioning

Learning/performance distinction

Partial reinforcement effect

Observational learning

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Observational Learning, p. 209

7)
The learning/performance distinction is a kind of:

classical conditioning.

operant conditioning.

instinct.

latent learning.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Observational Learning, p. 209

8)
A behavior is more resistant to extinction if it is:

partially reinforced.

punished.

continuously reinforced.

a conditioned response.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What’s in It for Me? Operant Conditioning, p. 191

9)
The Brelands determined that most Skinnerian behaviorists
made the false assumption that:

differences between species of animals are significant.

animal consciousness differs from human consciousness.

animals will revert to genetically controlled patterns.

all responses are equally able to be conditioned to any
stimulus.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What’s in It for Me? Operant Conditioning, p. 201

10)
A recent study suggests a link between spanking and:

children’s concentration.

intelligence.

submissiveness in children.

aggression in children.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What’s in It for Me? Operant Conditioning, pp. 197-198

11)
The law of effect states if an action is followed by a
pleasurable consequence, the action is likely to:

be remembered.

reduce pain.

be repeated.

become a cognitive expectation.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What’s in It for Me? Operant Conditioning, p. 187

12)
Whenever Vernon comes home too late on a Saturday night, his
parents refuse to give him his weekly allowance. Vernon’s parents are using
what technique to modify his behavior?

punishment by removal

punishment by application

negative reinforcement

secondary reinforcement

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What’s in It for Me? Operant Conditioning, pp. 195-196

13)
Sammy and his friends are watching animated fight scenes on
television. Based on Bandura’s findings in the Bobo doll experiment, it seems
likely that later, at play, Sammy and his friends will:

imitate many of the violent actions they witnessed on TV.

be slightly less aggressive.

be much less aggressive.

imitate the dialogue between the characters.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Observational Learning, p. 210

14)
In a later modification of the classic Bobo doll experiment,
the children who had seena model beat up the doll and then get rewarded showed
aggression toward the doll. Another group had seen the model get punished
rather than rewarded. Which of the following statements is true about these
other children?

They did not beat up the doll until offered a reward to
demonstrate what the model had done.

They refused to beat up the doll under any circumstances.

They beat up the doll but denied doing so when asked about
it.

Half of them beat up the doll and half did not.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Observational Learning, p. 210

15)
Which of the following would be considered negative
reinforcement?

grounding a teenager who returns home after curfew

a child who had previously been whining that they want candy
becomes quiet after getting the candy

taking an aspirin when you have a headache

receiving a traffic ticket for speeding

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
What’s in It for Me? Operant Conditioning, p. 189

16)
A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary
(reflex) response is a/an:

conditioned stimulus.

unconditioned response.

unconditioned stimulus.

neutral stimulus.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
It Makes Your Mouth Water: Classical Conditioning, p. 177

17)
_________ is the disappearance or weakening of a learned
response following the removal or absence of the unconditioned stimulus (in
classical conditioning) or the removal of a reinforcer (in operant
conditioning).

Stimulus discrimination

Stimulus generalization

Extinction

Spontaneous recovery

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
It Makes Your Mouth Water: Classical Conditioning, p. 180

18)
After a lengthy period during which the UCS was not applied,
Pavlov’s dogs stopped responding to the metronome. If a weaker conditioned
response to the metronome occurred at some point after this, it would be a
demonstration of:

higher-order conditioning.

reflex.

extinction.

spontaneous recovery.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
It Makes Your Mouth Water: Classical Conditioning, p. 180

19)
Pavlov initially set out to study his dogs’ ___________.

brain activity

social behavior

circulatory systems

digestive systems

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
It Makes Your Mouth Water: Classical Conditioning, p. 177

20)
______ is the classical conditioning of a reflex response or
emotion by watching the reaction of another person.

Shaping

Conditioned learning

Operant conditioning

Vicarious conditioning

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