devry psyc110 ch 4 post lab test

| September 29, 2018

1)
An example of a biological rhythm is:

dreaming.

a state of increased alertness.

hunger.

the beat of the heart.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 138

2)
Derek was lying on the couch and had fallen asleep when all
of a sudden his body jerked, and he woke up because he felt like he was
falling. Derek was most likely in which stage of sleep?

REM

N2 (R&K Stage 2)

N3 (R&K Stages 3 and 4)

N1 (R&K Stage 1)

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 144

3)
Theodora suffers from an inability to get to sleep and to
stay asleep. Which of the following would help Theodora with her insomnia?

trying various sleeping pills until she finds one that
doesn’t cause REM rebound

spending some time in bed relaxing, reading or watching TV
until she gets sleepy

watching the clock so she knows how much sleep she is
actually getting

going to bed and getting up on a regular schedule

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 148

4)
Niles has begun to fall asleep suddenly during the day,
sometimes in inappropriate places. Niles is most likely suffering from:

narcolepsy.

sleep apnea.

not enough melatonin.

insomnia.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 149

5)
Debbie’s psychoanalyst tells her that the monster in her
dream symbolizes her abusive father. He is discussing the dream’s:

manifest content.

spiritual context.

actual content.

latent content.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Dreams, p. 151

6)
Nightmares are more common in children than in adults
because _____.

growth hormones are released from the pituitary during
non-REM sleep

children have more vivid imaginations than adults

children spend more of their sleep in the REM state

children suffer from lost sleep more often than adults

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 146

7)
One theory of dreaming says that the brain _________, or
puts together, an explanation of the cortex’s activation from memories and
other stored information.

synthesizes

bombards

imagines

adapts

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Dreams, p. 152

8)
Adolescents who regularly use marijuana:

are at increased risk for cancer.

may experience a negative impact on their mental health.

will experience withdrawal when discontinuing the drug.

do better in school.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Influence of Psychoactive Drugs, p. 167

9)
Which of the following is NOT true about psychoactive drugs?

Many were originally developed to help people.

They alter thinking, perception, memory, or some combination
of these abilities.

Some can cause users to develop a drug tolerance.

All of them produce physical dependence in users.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Influence of Psychoactive Drugs, pp. 158-159

10)
_______ causes dehydration and a rise in body temperature.

Cocaine

Nicotine

MDMA

Heroin

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Influence of Psychoactive Drugs, p. 166

11)
________ suppress the sensation of pain by binding to and
stimulating the nervous system’s natural receptor sites for endorphins.

Hallucinogens

Barbiturates

Amphetamines

Narcotics

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Influence of Psychoactive Drugs, p. 164

12)
Which of the following kills the most people in the United
States every year?

homicide

illnesses related to smoking

alcohol-related car accidents

heroin overdose

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Influence of Psychoactive Drugs, p. 161

13)
Even in mild doses, marijuana negatively affects:

mood.

the ability to sleep.

reaction time.

appetite.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Influence of Psychoactive Drugs, p. 167

14)
How many drinks would the average person have to consume to
reach a blood alcohol level of approximately 0.15%?

10–12

3–5

6–7

8–10

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Influence of Psychoactive Drugs, p. 164

15)
The heart rate slows, breathing becomes more shallow and
irregular, and an EEG would show the first signs of sleep spindles in:

N2 (R&K Stage 2).

N1 (R&K Stage 1).

N3 (R&K Stages 3 and 4).

REM sleep.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 144

16)
In studies in which volunteers spend several days without
access to information about day or night, their sleep–wake cycles:

became nonexistent.

shortened.

lengthened.

stayed exactly the same.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 139

17)
A hypnic jerk is likely to occur during:

N2 (R&K Stage 2).

REM sleep.

microsleeps.

N1 (R&K Stage 1).

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 144

18)
_________ has been used as a successful defense in some
murder trials.

Experiencing night terrors

Insomnia

REM paralysis

REM behavior disorder

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 147

19)
Natural cycles of activity that bodies must go through are
called:

states of consciousness.

biological rhythms.

hypnotic states.

microsleeps.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 138

20)
Delta waves are predominant in which stage of sleep?

N3 (R&K Stages 3 and 4)

REM

N1 (R&K Stage 1)

N2 (R&K Stage 2)

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 144

21)
A person has entered N3 (R&K Stages 3 and 4) sleep when
delta waves account for ___ percent or more of brain wave activity.

5

20

90

75

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 144

22)
A sudden loss of muscle tone is called:

somnambulism.

narcolepsy.

REM paralysis.

cataplexy.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 149

23)
A person with sleep apnea:

experiences a state of panic.

falls asleep without warning.

stops breathing for 10 seconds or more.

gets up and walks around while still sleeping.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Sleep, p. 149

24)
Driving and talking on a cell phone at the same time is an
example of a state of:

waking consciousness.

increased alertness.

meditation.

divided consciousness.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What Is Consciousness?, p. 137

25)
In the ____________, dreams are less realistic because they
come not from the outside world of reality but from within people’s memories
and experiences.

activation-synthesis hypothesis

restorative theory

adaptive theory

latent content theory

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Dreams, p. 152

26)
Freud used dreams as a way to get at patients’:

phobias.

brain waves.

susceptibility to psychoanalysis.

unconscious conflicts stemming from childhood.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Dreams, p. 151

27)
The ________ of a dream is the actual dream itself.

latent content

manifest content

repression

conflict

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Dreams, p. 151

28)
In Hilgard’s theory, the _______ remains aware of what is
going on during hypnosis.

“hypnotized” part of the mind

“hidden observer” part of the mind

conscious mind

brain stem

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Effects of Hypnosis, p. 156

29)
The “hidden observer”:

guides people’s actions when they are hypnotized.

gives people superhuman strength under hypnosis.

counters the effects of hypnosis.

remains aware of what is going on during hypnosis.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Effects of Hypnosis, p. 156

30)
The key to hypnosis seems to be:

using more practical subjects, as opposed to daydreamers.

a gullible subject.

a heightened state of suggestibility.

avoiding subjects who are active and alert.

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