devry psyc110 ch 3 post lab test

| September 28, 2018

1)
Which of the following is TRUE about the lens?

It is the central area of the retina.

It changes size depending on the amount of light in the
environment.

It changes shape to bring objects into focus.

It sends visual information to the brain.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Science of Seeing, p. 97

2)
The three aspects to the perception of light are brightness,
color, and:

sharpness.

refraction.

saturation.

reflection.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Science of Seeing, p. 96

3)
Which of the following is TRUE about color blindness?

It is more prevalent among females than males.

It is caused by defective cones in the iris of the eye.

When it involves one set of cones, it is an inherited
recessive trait.

The most common type is called monochrome color blindness.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Science of Seeing, p. 102

4)
Rods are visual sensory receptors responsible for:

noncolor sensitivity to low light.

focusing images on the retina.

visual accommodation.

color vision.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Science of Seeing, p. 100

5)
According to the textbook, _______ have greater odds of
inheriting color-deficient vision than ______.

males; females

African Americans; Whites

Whites; African Americans

females; males

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Science of Seeing, p. 103

6)
What are the three primary colors of light?

red, yellow, green

yellow, green, blue

red, blue, green

red, yellow, blue

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Science of Seeing, p. 100

7)
The deep bass tones rattling the windows of the car next to
you at a red light are at a:

high pitch.

low pitch.

pure timbre.

low amplitude.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Hearing Sense: Can You Hear Me Now?, pp. 106-107

8)
When you smell bread baking, the bread odor particles:

are beginning to die.

are sensed by gustation.

stay in the air only.

are in the nose.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Chemical Senses: It Tastes Good and Smells Even Better, p. 112

9)
If a researcher finds that one drop of perfume diffused
through a three-room apartment is the minimum amount of stimuli needed to
notice the scent, then this would be a test of one’s:

subliminal stimuli.

just noticeable difference.

sensory receptor.

absolute threshold.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Sensation, p. 93

10)
Artists use the trick of ________ to give the illusion of
depth in a painting.

binocular disparity

convergence

texture gradient

accommodation

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Perception, p. 121

11)
Why is it that people who live in Western cultures are more
susceptible to the Müller-Lyer illusion than those who do not?

There is a higher rate of monochrome color blindness in
Western cultures.

People in Western cultures tend to experience an accelerated
rate of presbyopia.

Buildings have more straight lines and corners in Western
cultures.

People in Western cultures adapt more readily to changes in
the Gestalts in their surroundings.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Perception, pp. 124-125

12)
Which of the following is TRUE about depth perception?

It does not develop until the toddler years.

It helps one to judge how far away objects are.

It is the ability to see in two dimensions.

It is almost always present in people who were blind from
birth and later had their sight restored.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Perception, p. 120

13)
The use of preexisting knowledge to organize individual
features into a unified whole is known as:

top-down processing.

bottom-up processing.

perceptual expectancy.

precognition.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Perception, p. 127

14)
Which of the following is TRUE about pictorial depth cues?

They require visual cues from both eyes.

Usually they are not needed for perceiving depth in the
world.

They require visual cues from only one eye.

They are often referred to as binocular cues.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Perception, p. 120

15)
_____ refers to a rapid series of still pictures that seem
to be in motion.

The phi phenomenon

Stroboscopic motion

The autokinetic effect

The apparent distance hypothesis

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Perception, p. 125

16)
The ________ is the lowest level of stimulation that a
person can consciously detect 50 percent of the time the stimulation is
present.

just noticeable difference

absolute threshold

difference threshold

minimal sensory threshold

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Sensation, p. 93

17)
The tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant,
unchanging information is known as:

habituation.

sensory overload.

event-related adaptation.

sensory adaptation.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Sensation, p. 94

18)
________ is the way the brain deals with unchanging
information from the environment.

Perception

Habituation

Sensory divergence

Sublimination

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Sensation, pp. 94-95

19)
The term ______ refers to stimuli that are below the level
of conscious awareness.

subliminal stimuli

absolute threshold

just noticeable difference

sensory receptor

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The ABCs of Sensation, p. 94

20)
The body’s reaction to dizziness with nausea is:

rare in most people.

most common with ear infections.

related to the kinesthetic sense.

evolutionarily adaptive.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Somesthetic Senses: What the Body Knows, p. 116

21)
The sense of pain can be diminished by:

a sense of control.

anxiety.

the kinesthetic sense.

the vestibular sense.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Somesthetic Senses: What the Body Knows, p. 115

22)
There are two kinds of vestibular organs, the:

organ of Corti and the basilar membrane.

olfactory bulb and the olfactory epithelium.

anvil and the stirrup.

otolith organs and the semicircular canals.

Score: 1
Feedback: Somesthetic
Senses: What the Body Knows, p. 116

23)
________ can inhibit the transmission of pain signals in the
brain.

Synesthesia

Kinesthesia

Endorphins

Substance P

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Somesthetic Senses: What the Body Knows, p. 115

24)
According to gate-control theory:

when the spinal gates open farther, there is a greater
experience of pain.

pain signals must pass through a “gate” located in
the brain.

the activity of the spinal gate can be opened by nonpain
signals.

a structure in the spinal cord is closed when pain signals
enter the spinal cord.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Somesthetic Senses: What the Body Knows, pp. 114-115

25)
What is the common name for the taste receptor cells?

gustations

papillae

taste buds

super tasters

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Chemical Senses: It Tastes Good and Smells Even Better, p. 110

26)
Which is one of the five basic tastes?

vinegary

spicy

sour

tangy

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Chemical Senses: It Tastes Good and Smells Even Better, p. 111

27)
What portion of the ear serves as a funnel for sound from
the outside world?

pinna

auditory canal

auditory nerve

cochlea

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Hearing Sense: Can You Hear Me Now?, p. 105

28)
Nerve hearing impairment can be helped with the use of:

cochlear implants.

ordinary hearing aids.

electrode surgery.

auditory implants.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Hearing Sense: Can You Hear Me Now?, p. 108

29)
People who have difficulty with their hearing are said to be
either totally or partially:

pitch challenged.

mute.

hearing impaired.

tone deaf.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
The Hearing Sense: Can You Hear Me Now?, p. 107

30)
The ___________ contains the receptor cells for the sense of
hearing.

auditory canal

tympanic membrane

pinna

organ of Corti

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