devry PSYC110 ch 2 post lab test

| September 29, 2018

1)
A work-related accident left Bob with a paralyzed left arm
and an inability to recognize the left side of his visual field. Bob’s
condition is called:

spinocerebellar degeneration.

Broca’s aphasia.

Wernicke’s aphasia.

spatial neglect.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
From the Bottom Up: The Structures of the Brain, p. 81

2)
When people are walking, raising their hands in class, or
smelling a flower, they are using the:

skeletal nervous system.

central nervous system.

autonomic nervous system.

somatic nervous system.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
An Overview of the Nervous System, p. 60

3)
Unlike other glands, such as salivary or sweat glands,
endocrine glands:

do not have any effect on metabolism.

do not have any effect on the body’s growth.

secrete chemicals directly into the bloodstream.

secrete hormones onto the body’s tissues through ducts.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Distant Connections: The Endocrine Glands, p. 63

4)
According to the textbook, scientists are investigating the
use of stem cells to:

treat cancer.

alleviate depression.

repair damaged or diseased brain tissue.

cure birth defects.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
An Overview of the Nervous System, p. 60

5)
The venom of a black widow spider is an example of a(n)
__________, which mimics or enhances the effects of neurotransmitters.

beta blocker

antagonist

agonist

endorphin

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, p. 52

6)
Casey, a baseball player, tugs at his batting glove and
stretches his neck in the same way every time he comes up to bat. This habit is
stored in the:

medulla.

pons.

corpus callosum.

cerebellum.

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
From the Bottom Up: The Structures of the Brain, p. 73

7)
Sebastian is being evaluated for the presence of
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and is undergoing neuroimaging tests
as part of this assessment. If he is found to suffer from this condition, it
will involve several different brain structures. Which of the following would
NOT be one of them?

cerebellum

reticular activating system

corpus callosum

basal ganglia

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Applying Psychology to Everyday Life, pp. 85-86

8)
Which of the following diagnostic tools involve injecting a
person with radioactive glucose to map brain function?

MRI

PET scan

EEG

CT scan

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Looking Inside the Living Brain, p. 70

9)
A functional MRI (fMRI) and a PET scan both:

produce black and white scans of the brain’s structures.

provide a way to measure the functioning and activity of the
brain.

create selective injuries that allow researchers to study
brain function.

provide detailed computerized interpretations of brain
dysfunctions.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Looking Inside the Living Brain, pp. 70-71

10)
Which of the following is TRUE about deep lesioning?

It takes an X-ray of the brain.

It is routinely done on humans.

It is only done on animals.

It is the best way to study the human brain.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Looking Inside the Living Brain, p. 67

11)
Why is the cortex so wrinkled?

Its peculiar shape is vital to its function.

Its various parts need to overlap with each other.

The wrinkles allow for better blood circulation.

The wrinkles allow it to fit inside the skull.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
From the Bottom Up: The Structures of the Brain, p. 77

12)
Dorothy has spinocerebellar degeneration, a condition that
is likely to cause her to have difficulty with:

calculating and reasoning.

hearing and seeing.

reading and writing.

walking, speaking, and/or standing.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
From the Bottom Up: The Structures of the Brain, p. 73

13)
Which area of the brain influences sleep and dreaming?

cerebellum

pons

medulla

reticular formation

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
From the Bottom Up: The Structures of the Brain, p. 72

14)
Melissa is walking around barefoot and steps on a sharp
nail. She feels the pain and immediately pulls her foot off the ground away
from the nail. Which neurons were involved in her response?

interneurons only

interneurons and motor neurons only

sensory and motor neurons only

sensory neurons, motor neurons, and interneurons

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
An Overview of the Nervous System, p. 57

15)
The job of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous
system is to:

get the body ready to deal with stress.

provide feelings such as empathy and sympathy.

stabilize emotions such as happiness and sadness.

control voluntary muscles.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
An Overview of the Nervous System, pp. 61-62

16)
The part of the autonomic nervous system known as the
“eat-drink-and-rest” system is the:

sensory pathway.

motor pathway.

parasympathetic division.

sympathetic division.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
An Overview of the Nervous System, p. 62

17)
The ____ is a network of cells that carries information to
and from all parts of the body.

nervous system

brain

neuron

spinal cord

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
An Overview of the Nervous System, p. 46

18)
The spinal cord’s outer section is made up of _______ and
the inner section is made up of _______.

bone; synaptic vesicles

somatic cells; dendrites

bone; axons and nerves

myelinated axons and nerves; the cell bodies of neurons

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
An Overview of the Nervous System, p. 57

19)
When the action potential gets to the end of the axon:

the cell does not return to its resting state.

the message gets transmitted to another cell.

the cell dies.

the message is received by the brain.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, p. 49

20)
What is a biological reason for why heroin is addictive?

The bodies of heroin users do not produce endorphins, so
withdrawal is very painful.

Heroin bonds with serotonin, producing mental confusion in
users.

Neurotransmitters are damaged and continue sending
stimulating messages to cells.

It produces an excess of dopamine in the brain.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, p. 53

21)
Special types of glial cells generate a protective fatty
substance called:

dendrites.

cholesterol.

myelin.

axons.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, p. 48

22)
The brain is primarily comprised of two different kinds of
cells. They are neurons and:

synapses.

myelin.

glial cells.

somas.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, p. 47

23)
The ______ is the cell body, which contains the nucleus.

dendrite

neuron

soma

axon

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, pp. 46-47

24)
The first identified neurotransmitter was:

dopamine.

melatonin.

acetylcholine.

serotonin.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, p. 52

25)
Neurons fire:

partially when there is a strong stimulus.

partially when there is a weak stimulus.

stronger when there is a strong stimulus.

either full strength or not at all.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, pp. 49-50

26)
The sac-like structures that are found at the end of a
neuron’s axon and that contain neurotransmitters are called:

axon terminals.

synaptic knobs.

synaptic vesicles.

dendrites.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Neurons and Nerves: Building the Network, p. 51

27)
What is the primary role of the adrenal glands?

regulating sexual behavior

producing insulin

regulating metabolism

secreting hormones

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Distant Connections: The Endocrine Glands, p. 65

28)
The “master gland” that controls or influences all
of the other endocrine glands is the:

pituitary gland.

thyroid gland.

adrenal gland.

pineal gland.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Distant Connections: The Endocrine Glands, p. 63

29)
The adrenal glands are located right on top of:

the liver.

each lung.

each kidney.

the pancreas.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Distant Connections: The Endocrine Glands, p. 65

30)
________ provides energy for the brain during stress.

Thyroxin

Melatonin

Cortisol

Serotonin

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