devry PSYC110 ch 14 post test lab

| September 29, 2018

Ch 14

1)
The term ____ means that the person is unable to distinguish
between reality and fantasy and experiences disturbances in thinking, emotions,
and behavior.

somatoform

dissociation

psychotic

depersonalization

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Schizophrenia: Altered Reality, p. 562

2)
The term dementia praecox once referred to the disorder now
known as:

dissociative disorder.

anxiety disorder.

psychosis.

schizophrenia.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Schizophrenia: Altered Reality, p. 562

3)
______, such as hearing voices or seeing things that aren’t
really there, are not uncommon in someone diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Flat affects

Delusions

Hallucinations

Paranoia

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Schizophrenia: Altered Reality, p. 563

4)
Todd has been struggling with _____, characterized by the
intruding thought that his hands are covered in germs. He cannot pursue daily
tasks unless he completes a ritualistic routine to wash his hands until he
feels clean. These rituals have taken up so much of his time that he rarely
manages to finish a task or complete his work at his job.

obsessive-compulsive disorder

acute stress disorder

panic disorder

agoraphobia

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Anxiety, Trauma, and Stress: What, Me Worry?, p. 549

5)
A man with a paralyzing fear of heights has become unable to
go upstairs or ride in an elevator. This is an example of:

maladaptive behavior.

the sociocultural perspective.

subjective discomfort.

situational context.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What Is Abnormality?, p. 540

6)
Scott experiences vast mood swings ranging from depression
on one end of the spectrum to episodes when he feels euphoric and has so much
energy that he can’t sleep. Scott is suffering from:

cyclothymia.

ADHD.

bipolar disorder.

major depression.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Mood: The Effect of Affect, p. 553

7)
Maria is a college student and is generally anxious. She
cannot identify any one thing in particular that is bothersome, but feels
anxious most of the time. Maria is exhibiting:

academic phobia.

free-floating anxiety.

social anxiety disorder.

obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Anxiety, Trauma, and Stress: What, Me Worry?, p. 547

8)
Matthew, a psychology major, is worried that he and his
family have the mental disorders he is reading about. Matthew is experiencing:

somatoform disorder.

obsessive-compulsive disorder.

ceraunophobia.

psychology student’s syndrome.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Diagnosing and Classifying Disorders, p. 545

9)
A woman who was assaulted cannot recall the experience
itself and also cannot recall anything that happened in the two weeks following
the event. She remembers everything leading up to the event. The woman is
suffering from:

dissociative amnesia.

retrograde amnesia.

dissociative fugue.

dissociative identity disorder.

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Dissociative Disorders: Altered Identities, p. 559

10)
A child who witnessed the death of his mother experiences
symptoms of anxiety, dissociation, nightmares, poor sleep, reliving the event,
and concentration problems as late as three years after the event. The child is
suffering from:

a panic disorder with agoraphobia.

generalized anxiety disorder.

acute stress disorder.

posttraumatic stress disorder.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Anxiety, Trauma, and Stress: What, Me Worry?, p. 550

11)
The emotional unresponsiveness of people who suffer from
_______ personality disorder has been linked to lower than normal levels of
stress hormones.

obsessive-compulsive

antisocial

borderline

sociopathic

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Personality Disorders: I’m Okay, It’s Everyone Else Who’s Weird, p. 567

12)
The frequency of ______ personality disorder is nearly three
times greater in women than in men.

narcissistic

borderline

antisocial

dependent

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Personality Disorders: I’m Okay, It’s Everyone Else Who’s Weird, p. 566

13)
A ________ occurs when a person travels away from home and
then cannot remember the trip or personal information such as identity.

dissociative identity disorder

dissociative fugue

depersonalization disorder

dissociative amnesia

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Dissociative Disorders: Altered Identities, p. 559

14)
The current name for what was once called multiple
personality disorder is:

dissociative identity disorder.

retrograde amnesia.

dissociative amnesia.

dissociative fugue.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Dissociative Disorders: Altered Identities, p. 559

15)
The ______ model of abnormality explains disorders such as
anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia as caused by chemical imbalances,
genetic disorders, and brain damage.

biological

behavioral

biophysical

psychodynamic

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
What Is Abnormality?, p. 541

16)
Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are ailments most often
found in Western society, and are therefore called:

situational contexts.

subjective discomforts.

maladaptive behaviors.

cultural syndromes.

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
What Is Abnormality? p. 542

17)
Cognitive psychologists believe abnormal behavior is the
result of:

classical conditioning.

illogical thinking problems.

repressing one’s threatening thoughts, memories, and
concerns in the unconscious mind.

chemical imbalances, genetic problems, and brain damage.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What Is Abnormality?, p. 542

18)
Criteria such as behavior going against social norms,
behavior that causes subjective discomfort, maladaptive behavior that causes an
inability to function, and behavior causing a person to be dangerous to self or
others are all indications of a:

psychotic break.

depressive disorder.

phobia.

psychological disorder.

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
What Is Abnormality?, p. 540

19)
In the ______ model, abnormal behavior is seen as the result
of the combined and interacting forces of biological, psychological, social,
and cultural influences.

biopsychosocial

neuropathology

psychoneuroimmunological

psychodynamic

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What Is Abnormality?, pp. 542-543

20)
The ____ model explains disordered behavior as the result of
repressing one’s threatening thoughts, memories, and concerns in the
unconscious mind.

cognitive

psychodynamic

biological

behaviorist

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What Is Abnormality?, p. 541

21)
The study of abnormal behavior is called:

psychopathology.

psychoneuroimmunology.

chronic schizophrenia.

neuropathology.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
What Is Abnormality?, p. 538

22)
_____ is a mood disorder that is caused by the body’s
reaction to low levels of light present in the winter months.

Seasonal affective disorder

Manic disorder

Social phobia disorder

ADHD

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Mood: The Effect of Affect, p. 553

23)
Severe sadness that comes on suddenly, and is either (a) too
severe for the circumstances or (b) exists without any external cause, is
called:

major depression.

cyclothymia.

dysthymia.

bipolar disorder.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Mood: The Effect of Affect, p. 552

24)
Behavioral theorists link depression to:

learned helplessness.

genetics.

the effects of brain chemicals such as serotonin,
norepinephrine, and dopamine.

posttraumatic stress disorder.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Mood: The Effect of Affect, p. 554

25)
The most dominant symptom of a(n) _______ disorder is
excessive or unrealistic worrying and fearfulness.

mood

dissociative

somatoform

anxiety

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Anxiety, Trauma, and Stress: What, Me Worry?, p. 547

26)
An individual who uses _____ takes one negative event and
interprets it as a never-ending pattern of defeat.

overgeneralization

all-or-nothing thinking

magnification

minimization

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Anxiety, Trauma, and Stress: What, Me Worry?, p. 551

27)
_________ results from exposure to a major stressor, with
symptoms of anxiety, dissociation, recurring nightmares, sleep disturbances,
problems concentrating, and flashbacks for as long as one month following the
event.

Panic disorder

Acute stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder

Mysophobia

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Anxiety, Trauma, and Stress: What, Me Worry?, p. 550

28)
This is apparent when there is a sudden onset of intense
alarm in which there can be multiple physical symptoms of stress occurring.

a panic attack

agoraphobia

a social phobia

anxiety floating disorder

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Disorders of Anxiety, Trauma, and Stress: What, Me Worry?, p. 548

29)
The DSM–5 contains all of the following EXCEPT:

a checklist of criteria to be met for the diagnosis of each
disorder.

the path of the progression of each disorder.

a description of the symptoms of each disorder.

a description of how to perform such procedures as
trephining to treat the disorders.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Diagnosing and Classifying Disorders, p. 544

30)
Bulimia nervosa is a condition in which a person develops a
cycle of binging on enormous amounts of food and then using inappropriate
methods to avoid weight gain. What causes a person to binge when he or she is
so worried about weight gain?

minimization of the amount of calories he or she believes to
be consuming

prompts such as an anxious or depressed mood, social
stressors, or intense hunger after extreme diet attempts

the development of a panic attack due to obsession with body
image

magnification of the sensation of hunger, leading the person
to believe he or she is starving to death

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Eating Disorders, p. 557

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