devry psyc110 ch 11 post lab test

| September 29, 2018

1)
According to Lazarus’s cognitive appraisal approach, the
first step in appraising a stressor is called ______ appraisal.

initial

basic

fundamental

primary

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Psychological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 435

2)
_______ is a pattern in which a minority person rejects the
majority culture’s ways and tries to maintain their original cultural identity.

Assimilation

Integration

Separation

Marginalization

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Physiological Factors: Stress and Health, pp. 442-443

3)
Type 2 diabetes is a common result of prolonged stress due
to which common behavior?

overeating

drug abuse

drinking

smoking

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Physiological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 433

4)
Endocrinologist Hans Selye’s three stages of the body’s
physiological reaction to stress are called the:

general adaptation syndrome.

“fight-or-flight” system.

adaptation syndrome.

autonomic nervous system.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Psychological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 430

5)
Natural killer cells:

are increasingly released during times of stress.

are released into the bloodstream during the resistance
stage.

are responsible for suppressing viruses and destroying tumor
cells.

encourage the growth of cancer cells.

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Physiological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 434

6)
During the _____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome,
the adrenal glands release hormones that increase heart rate, blood pressure,
and the supply of blood sugar.

resistance

alarm

replenishment

activation

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Psychological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 430

7)
According to the cognitive-mediational theory, the step
during which a stressor is appraised and assessed as a threat is the:

primary appraisal.

secondary appraisal.

distress.

automatic appraisal.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Physiological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 435

8)
The ______ returns the body to normal functioning after the
stress has ended.

vagus nerve

sympathetic nervous system

immune system

parasympathetic nervous system

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Psychological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 430

9)
Which of the following activities is associated with a rise
in immune system functioning?

complaining

worrying

optimism

pessimism

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Physiological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 439

10)
_______ refers to negative changes in thoughts, emotions,
and behavior as a result of prolonged stress or frustration.

Depression

Assimilation

Burnout

Acculturative stress

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Psychological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 442

11)
A strategy of coping with stress in which a person changes
the way he or she feels or emotionally reacts to a stressor is
____________________

receptive meditation.

emotion-focused coping.

concentrative meditation.

problem-focused coping.

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Coping With Stress, p. 445

12)
When it is not possible to change or eliminate a stressor,
the best emotion-focused way to cope is:

to ignore the stressor.

to cry about the situation.

to persistently keep trying to change the situation.

to feel depressed about the situation.

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Coping With Stress, pp. 445-446

13)
_________ strategies are actions people can take to master,
tolerate, reduce, or minimize the effects of stress.

Coping

Integration

Ritual

Optimism

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Coping With Stress, p. 445

14)
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of meditation?

it changes brain waves to include more delta waves

it helps people sleep

it calms anxiety

it reduces blood pressure in people with hypertension

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Coping With Stress, p. 446

15)
Sam put his last dollar into a vending machine to buy
himself a snack. The machine accepted the dollar but did not release the snack.
Sam tried the snack button again, but it still did not work. Sam pushed the
button for coin return, but the machine did not refund his money. Sam reacted
by kicking the machine as hard as he could several times until a snack fell
out. Kicking the machine is an example of:

persistence.

escape.

aggression.

displaced aggression.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 427

16)
Howard was upset that he got a B in Biology, but he felt
better knowing that he had improved over his previous grade and that he could
work hard to get an A on the next exam. Howard was using _______ to help
himself feel better.

meditation

downward social comparison

reverse social comparison

optimistic thinking

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Applying Psychology to Everyday Life: Becoming More Optimistic, p. 449

17)
You are driving down the road in a country in the Eastern
part of the world. You come across a man who is patiently polishing a large,
wooden box with great care. You stop to chat with him, and learn that he is
working on what will one day become his own coffin. You are probably driving
through the country of ________.

Vietnam

Croatia

Sri Lanka

Laos

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Coping with Stress, p. 447

18)
Stress has been shown to:

cause the pituitary gland to release hormones that result in
a burst of energy.

increase one’s sensitivity to pain.

make people live longer.

put people at higher risk for heart attacks.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Psychological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 432

19)
Pam was getting close to buying her first house, but she was
nervous about the mortgage payments, even though they would be less than she
was paying in rent. Pam was experiencing a(n) _______ conflict.

avoidance-avoidance

approach-avoidance

multiple approach-avoidance

approach-approach

Score: 0
Feedback: Incorrect.
Stress and Stressors, p. 428

20)
When Ravi found out that he didn’t get a high enough grade
on his final for an A in his psychology course, he experienced stress from:

aggression.

displacement.

frustration.

controllability.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 426

21)
If Tom has been adapting to a stressor and is now
experiencing fatigue due to prolonged muscle tension, according to psychologist
Selye, Tom is in the _____ stage.

resistance

sympathetic

exhaustion

alarm

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Psychological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 430

22)
When Ben found out his girlfriend had been unfaithful, he
didn’t say anything to her, but he was furious on the inside. Ben’s personality
may be considered a ________.

Type B

Type C

Type A

Type H

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Psychological Factors: Stress and Health, p. 438

23)
___________ results when people experience unpleasant
stressors.

Eustress

Acute stress disorder

Depression

Distress

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 420

24)
______ is the term used to describe the physical, emotional,
cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening
or challenging.

Eustress

Stress

Distress

Depression

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 420

25)
Which of the following has the highest score on the SRRS?

pregnancy

divorce

foreclosure of a mortgage or loan

dismissal from work

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 423

26)
Miller and Rahe found that overall stress associated with
many of the items on the Social Readjustment Rating Scale had ________ from the
original 1967 ratings.

decreased by about 51%

increased by about 45%

decreased by about 25%

increased by about 12%

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 422

27)
Holmes and Rahe’s Social Readjustment Rating Scale focuses
on:

how stress is a predictor of short-term illness.

the impact of the uncontrollability of life’s events.

how life events cause stress in one’s life.

the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 422

28)
Adults find the hassle of _______ to be the greatest source
of stress.

lack of money

poor health

fighting among family members

trouble at work

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 424

29)
Stress-causing events are called:

distress.

catastrophes.

stressors.

eustress.

Score: 1
Feedback: Correct.
Stress and Stressors, p. 420

30)
Which of the following is a typical first response to a
source of frustration?

escape

displaced aggression

aggression

persistence

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