devry psyc110 all weeks discussions [ all 14 discussions ] all quizes all assignment midterm and final

| September 29, 2018

Week 1 discussionPsychological Research (graded)The text gives seven major perspectives in modern psychology (Study Organizer 1.1). These perspectives are based on observations of how people think, feel, and act. Select a perspective that you think best explains human behavior and evaluate it for strengths and weaknesses.Biological Foundations (graded)An on-going debate continues on the influence of nature and nurture on human behavior. If you had to argue that either genetics (nature) or environment (nurture) has the greater impact on human development, which would you pick, and why?Week 2 discussionStress (graded)We are exploring the nature of stress, its effect on human functioning, and techniques to minimize stress. What is the biggest source of stress you have in your life? What is the most effective technique you have used to handle it?Sensation and Perception (graded)Sensation and perception are two different processes. Does sensory stimulus shape our perceptions? Do our perceptions misinterpret our sensations? How does that happen?Week 3 discussionLearning (graded)After you have read about the theories of learning, reflect on how you learned as a child? What methods did your parents use to teach you how to act? Was it through classical conditioning? What about operant conditioning and social learning theory? Which theory had the biggest impact? Why? Give an example and state how it has impacted the person you are today.Memory (graded)We all seem to want a good memory. (What are my co-workers names? Where did I leave my computer? What day was I supposed to submit that proposal to my boss?) might be typical memory issues. After reading about memory, what is your most valuable tip for the class on improving your ability to remember things?Week 4 discussionsPhysical and Cognitive Development (graded)Human development is a process in which there are various milestones from conception to death all of which require mastery. In terms of an individual’s healthy physical functioning, is the period of prenatal developmental more critical than any other stage of development? If you answered yes, what makes it most critical? If you pick another stage, for example, adolescence, what makes that most critical?Social Development(graded)On pages 264–265 in the textbook, you can find Erik Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development. Each of these stages comes with a corresponding psychosocial challenge. In stage 1, for example, the challenge is that of trust versus mistrust. While all of these challenges must be met and overcome, which one of the challenges do you think is the most difficult for an individual to successfully resolve? Please explain the reasons for your choice and supply supporting data for your opinion.week 5Physical, Cognitive and Social Development (graded)Human development is a process in which there are various cognitive, physical, social, and emotional milestones from conception to death, all of which require mastery. Our discussion begins with an exploration of physical development. All stages are essential for development, however, if you had to rank the importance of these physical stages, which would you rank as most important? Please provide an explanation to support your answer.Sexuality and Gender (graded)Understanding sexuality varies from culture to culture, yet there are basic biological, cognitive, and emotional components in sexuality and sexual development. A good starting point in understanding our topic this week will be to explore the issues of sexual identity and gender role. What is the difference between the two and what are some examples of sexual identity and gender roles?week 6Stress (graded)We are exploring the nature of stress, its effect on human functioning, and techniques to minimize stress. What is the biggest source of stress you have in your life? What is the most effective technique you have used to handle it?Social Psychology (graded)Why is it that some people will blame others for their misfortunes yet excuse themselves of responsibility when they fail? Explain the fundamental attribution error and the self-serving bias and offer some suggestions as to how to avoid those errors.week 7Psychological Disorders (graded)Despite the best efforts of psychologists, psychiatrists, and medical researchers, psychological disorders appear to be as prevalent today as they ever were—if not more so. What might be the cause of this phenomenon? Inadequate genetic makeup? Inadequate parenting? Inadequate social structures? What is different in our culture today than in previous generations? Please provide support for your opinion.Theories of Therapy (graded)At some point in your life you may think you need therapy. At some point in your life, you may think a coworker or a family member needs therapy. Should you find yourself in that situation, which type of therapy would you recommend for another person or yourself: psychoanalysis, cognitive, humanistic, group, behavioral, or biomedical (medication or surgery)? Why? (If you would recommend no treatment for yourself or a coworker, please explain your rationale for this.)midtermQuestion 1.1. (TCOs 1, 2) Participants in research early in psychology’s history might have been asked to view a chair and describe its color, shape, texture, and other aspects of their conscious experience. These individuals would have been using a method called (Points : 2)hypnosis.objective introspection.psychosurgery.psychoanalysis.Question 2.2. (TCO 4) The administration of Midwest State University wants to know if the arrangement of chairs affects student participation in classrooms. What would be a good operational definition of the dependent variable in an experiment designed to measure this relationship? (Points : 2)Class size: under 50 or over 50Number of students enrolled in each classChair arrangement: theater style or circularFrequency with which students ask questionsQuestion 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3) Phineas Gage tragically had a tamping iron propelled through his head. Both left and right sides of the prefrontal cortex were severely damaged. As a result of the accident, Phineas Gage (Points : 2)died from his injuries.suffered loss of his arms and legs.lost his sense of hearing.suffered a change in personality.Question 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3) What do we call the state of a neuron when it is not firing a neural impulse? (Points : 2)Action potentialResting potentialMyelination signalTransmission impulseQuestion 5.5. (TCOs 2, 3) _____ synapses make it more likely that a neuron will send its message to other neurons, whereas _____ synapses make it less likely that a neuron will send its message. (Points : 2)Excitatory; inhibitoryInhibitory; excitatoryAugmentation; depletionDepletion; augmentationQuestion 6.6. (TCO 4) Jamie, a toddler, is making distinctions about various aspects of color in terms of whether it looks red, blue, and so forth. In doing so, she is referring to its (Points : 2)amplitude.lightness.hue.reflection.Question 7.7. ( TCO 4) What are the five primary tastes? (Points : 2)Hot, sour, spicy, sweet, origamiSalty, sour, spicy, sweet, tartBitter, salty, sour, sweet, umamiPeppery, salty, sour, sweet, acidicQuestion 8.8. (TCO 4) Perception is the (Points : 2)process by which people take all the sensations they experience at any given moment and interpret them in some meaningful fashion.action of physical stimuli on receptors leading to sensations.interpretation of memory based on selective attention.act of selective attention from sensory storage.Question 9.9. (TCO 5) Sid is taking part in research on the effects of sleep deprivation; he has been without sleep for 75 hours. Right now, researchers have asked him to sit in front of a computer screen and hit a button each time he sees the letter S on the screen. A few days ago, Sid was a whiz at this task; however, he is doing very poorly today. How are sleep researchers likely to explain Sid’s poor performance? (Points : 2)Due to the sleep deprivation, Sid does not understand the task.Microsleeps are occurring due to the sleep deprivation and he is asleep for brief periods of time.He is determined to ruin the research because of the suffering he is enduring at the hands of the researchers.He is probably dreaming that he is somewhere else and has no interest in responding to the “here and now.”Question 10.10. (TCO 5) After taking a drug for several years, Bruce decides to quit taking it. He begins to experience a variety of physical symptoms, psychological symptoms such as irritability, and a strong craving for the substance. What term is used to describe what Bruce is experiencing? (Points : 2)TolerancePhysical dependenceWithdrawalDrug intoxicationQuestion 11.11. (TCO 5) A client tells his therapist about a dream in which he drives his wife to the airport where she boards a plane. As the plane takes off, he is smiling. The therapist says the dream suggests a desire for a divorce. The therapist’s interpretation represents what Sigmund Freud called the dream’s ________. (Points : 2)deep contentlatent contentmanifest contentsubliminal contentQuestion 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8) Sue noticed that whenever she opened the door to the pantry, her dog would come into the kitchen and act hungry by drooling and whining. She thought that because the dog food was stored in the pantry, the sound of the door had become a(n) (Points : 2)unconditioned stimulus.conditioned stimulus.unconditioned response.conditioned response.Question 13.13. (TCOs 7, 8) Mark and Kathy take their 2-year-old son to the supermarket every Saturday. Each week, the same sequence of events unfolds: Their son screams, demanding that they buy him treats. Although they refuse to give in to his demands, he continues to scream. Finally, either Mark or Kathy gets in their son’s face and yells at the top of their lungs “Shut up!” He stops screaming instantly. What operant conditioning concepts are illustrated in this story? (Points : 2)The parents are using negative reinforcement to increase their son’s screaming.The parents are in a very dysfunctional marriage; their child’s screaming is his way of trying to get his parents to remain married.The parents are using punishment to suppress the screaming; their use of punishment is negatively reinforced by the cessation of screaming.Their son probably learned how to scream by observing his parents at home and now he is reinforced on a variable-interval schedule of reinforcement.Page 2Question 1.1. (TCOs 7, 8) For observational learning to occur, each of the following must happen EXCEPT (Points : 2)paying attention to what the model does.remembering what the model did.doing what the model did.being reinforced for imitating the model.Question 2.2. (TCO 7) A display of 12 letters is flashed on a screen in front of you followed by a tone. You attempt to recall a portion of the display based on the specific tone you heard. What aspect of your memory is this experiment designed to assess? (Points : 2)Primary memorySensory memoryLong-term memoryShort-term memoryQuestion 3.3. (TCO 7) Adrianna is trying to memorize the names of the bones in the hand. She had gone through a list of them when her phone rang. After she gets off the phone, she is MOST likely to remember the first few bone names because of the (Points : 2)elaboration effect.recency effect.primacy effect.maintenance effect.Question 4.4. (TCO 7) Which of the following pairings would result in the best overall memory? (Points : 2)Sad during learning and happy at recallHappy during learning and sad during recallSerious during learning and serious during recallIntoxicated during learning and sober during recallQuestion 5.5. (TCO 8) Sally is enrolled in a high school geometry course, which she describes as “drawing figures and figuring drawings.” In a typical class, students draw geometric figures and use a formula to calculate an aspect of the figure, such as its area. Each time Sally uses a formula, she is making use of what psychologists call (Points : 2)heuristics.logarithms.algorithms.convergence.Question 6.6. (TCO 8) Which of the following statements about gifted people is true? (Points : 2)They are more likely to suffer from mental illnesses.They are physically weaker than nongifted persons.They are often skilled leaders.They are socially unskilled.Question 7.7. (TCO 9) Monica put all her time and energy into getting into the acting club because her main goal in life “was to be a famous star!” Monica’s drive to be famous was a(n) _____ drive. (Points : 2)primaryreflexiveacquiredtertiaryQuestion 8.8. (TCO 9) Glenn believes he can learn from his mistakes and that study and perseverance will help him improve his intelligence. According to Dweck, what locus of control does Glenn have? (Points : 2)Internal locus of controlDecrementalIncidentalExternal locus of controlQuestion 9.9. (TCO 9) You are walking in the forest and see a bear. According to the Cannon-Bard theory, what happens next? (Points : 2)You experience physiological changes followed by fear.You feel fear followed by physiological changes.You experience physiological changes and a feeling of fear simultaneously.You experience physiological changes and context appraisal followed by fear.Question 10.10. (TCO 11) Carolyn took home some printer paper from the office. Later, she felt guilty for stealing it, so she brought some paper to work to replace what she took. Freud would suggest that Carolyn’s _____ was influencing her motives and behavior. (Points : 2)idunconscious mindegosuperegoQuestion 11.11. (TCO 11) Ruth-Ann just graduated from high school; she is trying out for the soccer team at the college that she will attend in the fall. She knows that it will be more competitive than her high school team, but she believes in her ability to succeed and plans to practice all summer. Bandura would say that Ruth might have an edge over some competitors simply because she has (Points : 2)high self-efficacy.self-actualization.set aside the time to practice.an external locus of control.Question 12.12. (TCO 11) Travis is a participant in the X-Games every year, which features events that are high-flying and exhilarating to watch or participate in, but also very dangerous to the competitors. Because Travis is willing to take chances with his health to get the adrenaline rush from these sorts of events, Cost and McCrae would argue that he ranks high on which of the five factors? (Points : 2)OpennessNeuroticismConscientiousnessExtraversionPage 3Question 1. 1. (TCOs 2, 3, 4) Describe how sound waves become nerve impulses as they enter the ear. How are the important characteristics of sound coded? (Points : 10)Question 2. 2. (TCOs 5, 7) What are the main differences between physical dependence and psychological dependence? Give examples of both types of dependence. (Points : 10)Question 3. 3. (TCOs 7, 8) What is the definition of language? What is the evidence, pro and con, as to whether nonhuman animals have a capacity for language? (Points : 10)Question 4. 4. (TCOs 9, 11) Take three theories of emotion and apply them to one emotional event in your life. Be specific about the event and make clear connections to the theoretical assumptions. (Points : 10)Question 5. 5. (TCOs 7, 8) Define learning. Given this definition, what types of behaviors would not be considered learning? How does the concept of instinctive drift relate to these examples? What types of behaviors would be included? (Points : 10)midterm1. (TCOs 1, 2) Sallie noticed that when her alarm clock goes off in the morning, her dog Ruffles is standing by her bed salivating. Every morning when Sallie wakes to the alarm, she immediately rolls out of bed and feeds Ruffles, who very much enjoys his canned dog food. It is likely that _____. (Points : 5)Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to enjoy canned dog foodSallie has conditioned Ruffles to sleep next to her bedSallie has conditioned Ruffles to salivate over canned dog foodSallie has conditioned Ruffles to salivate to the sound of her alarm clockQuestion 2.2. (TCOs 1, 2) Darley and Latané (1968) believe that the presence of other people in a distressing situation decreased the likelihood that they would receive help due to _____. (Points : 5)diffusion of anonymityflaws in laws protecting Good Samaritanstimeliness of onsetdiffusion of responsibilityQuestion 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3) Your teacher asks you to describe the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural conduction. Which of the following sequences will you offer? (Points : 5)Dendrites, axon, soma, synaptic knobTerminal buttons, axon, soma, dendritesAxon, soma, dendrites, synaptic knobDendrites, soma, axon, synaptic knobQuestion 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3) Andy has decided to seek medical help for mood disturbances and appetite problems. Which neurotransmitter is most likely involved in the problems Andy is experiencing? (Points : 5)GABADopamineSerotoninAcetylcholineQuestion 5.5. (TCO 4) The vestibular senses are concerned with _____. (Points : 5)touch, pressure, temperature, and painthe location of body parts in relation to the ground and to each othermovement and body positionyour location as compared to the position of the sunQuestion 6.6. (TCO 4) Suppose you look at a given figure and decide that, depending on how you look at it, it can be perceived as either an old woman or a young lady. Such a figure would be said to be _____. (Points : 5)mixedconfusedreversibleinconsistentQuestion 7.7. (TCO 5) Which of the following stages of sleep is marked by the production of very slow delta waves? (Points : 5)REMStage 1 (N1)Stage 2 (N2)Stage 4 (N4)Question 8.8. (TCO 5) A client tells his therapist about a dream in which he drives his wife to the airport where she boards a plane. As the plane takes off, he is smiling. The therapist says the dream suggests a desire for a divorce. The therapist’s interpretation represents what Sigmund Freud called the dream’s _____. (Points : 5)deep contentlatent contentmanifest contentsubliminal contentQuestion 9.9. (TCOs 7, 8) In a conditioning experiment, a sound is paired with a brief puff of air to the eye of the rabbit. After several pairings, the rabbit ultimately blinks its eye when it hears the sound. Which of the following is true? (Points : 5)The blinking of the eye serves as stimulus.The puff of air serves as the unconditioned stimulus.The puff of air serves as the conditioned stimulus.The blinking of the eye serves as the conditioned stimulus.Question 10.10. (TCOs 7, 8) John has been working on a math problem late at night without success; he falls asleep. Upon awakening, John suddenly realizes how to answer the problem. This best illustrates which of the following? (Points : 5)Observational learningLatent learningInsight learningCognitive learningQuestion 11.11. (TCOs 7, 8) “The effectiveness of memory retrieval is directly related to the similarity of cues present when the memory was encoded to the cues present when the memory is retrieved.” What concept does this statement describe? (Points : 5)MemorabilityRegistered learningEncoding specificityAccessible decodingQuestion 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8) Evidence suggests that procedural memories are stored in the _____. (Points : 5)cerebellumprefrontal and temporal lobes of the cortexhippocampusamygdalaQuestion 13.13. (TCO 8) You are learning Russian in preparation for a trip next summer. Although you are doing a good job recognizing the written signs you need to know, you are having trouble with the sounds of the Russian language. Which of the following aspects of language is giving you trouble? (Points : 5)SyntaxPhonemesMorphemesAudiogramsQuestion 14.14. (TCO 8) How many morphemes are there in the sentence “I wanted it”? (Points : 5)FourSixFiveSevenQuestion 15.15. (TCO 10) Emily and her husband are thrilled as they peer into Emily’s uterus by means of an ultrasound. The physician reports that the pregnancy appears normal and that their baby’s fingers, toes, heart, and circulatory system are developing as expected. The couple learns that the baby is only an inch long. Given this information, the current stage of prenatal development is the _____. (Points : 5)embryonic periodgerminal periodzygotic periodfetal stagePage 2Question 1.1. (TCO 10) At what stage of moral development is moral thought guided by principles that have been decided upon by the individual and may be in disagreement with accepted social norms? (Points : 5)PreoperationalPreconventionalPostconventionalConventional role conformityQuestion 2.2. (TCO 9) Michael has trained very long hours in order to qualify for the Olympics in diving. He has sacrificed a great deal—he put his education on hold and spent a lot of time away from his two small children and wife. To Michael, qualifying for the Olympics is a(n) ____. (Points : 5)instinctual driveincentiveinnate goaloptimum goalQuestion 3.3. (TCO 9) Which of the following is a criticism of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? (Points : 5)The highest level has never been attained.Self-actualization is actually a biological drive.The hierarchy does not have any focus on social needs.There is a lack of scientific support.Question 4.4. (TCO 11) Consider the following three circumstances: (1) Raul is walking toward a business office and when he gets there, he opens the door for a woman and allows her to walk through ahead of himself. (2) Raul is walking toward a business office, and when he gets there, he opens the door for a man and a woman who are also approaching and allows both of them to walk through ahead of himself. (3) Raul is walking toward a business office, and when he gets there, he opens the door for a woman and allows her to walk through ahead of himself, but then he walks through without holding the door for the man with whom the woman was having a conversation. In which of the above circumstances has Raul demonstrated the greatest example of benevolent sexism? (Points : 5)Circumstances #1 and #2 onlyCircumstance #1Circumstance #2Circumstance #3Question 5.5. (TCO 11) Lance is in the 12thgrade and is presently dating the head cheerleader, Ava. Lance is attracted to Ava, who is very feminine in her mannerisms, and Lance reports that he is attracted to girls who are petite and athletic. He and his buddies like to go “cruising for girls” on the weekends, but he has never strayed from Ava and is thinking about proposing to her after they graduate. He has never been attracted to any other boys. Lance is considered _____ in terms of his sexual orientation. (Points : 5)homosexualheterosexualbisexualtranssexualQuestion 6.6. (TCO 6) Seira is very pleasant and likes to keep the peace. She finds it difficult to express emotions and internalizes her anger. She has few friends and spends a lot of time alone. According to research, Seira _____. (Points : 5)is at high risk for coronary heart diseaseis a hardy personalityis a Type B personalityis a Type C personalityQuestion 7.7. (TCO 6) Vanna’s mother is ill and Vanna is feeling overwhelmed and sad. To cope with this stress of her mother’s illness, Vanna has been writing her feelings down in a journal. Vanna is using _____. (Points : 5)problem-focused copingemotion-focused copingdistractionreappraisalQuestion 8.8. (TCO 13) The classic Robber’s Cave study showed that prejudice can be reduced by _____. (Points : 5)mere exposurerelearning social normscooperating to meet a mutually beneficial goalrethinking one’s stereotypesQuestion 9.9. (TCO 13) According to the research of Latané and Darley, which of the following situations would be the most likely in which someone would offer to help? (Points : 5)Person on the side of the road with a flat tire during rush hourPerson asking for help in a crowded stadium parking lotPerson falling down coming out of an elevator with only one other person in itA student falling off a ladder outside a full classroomQuestion 10.10. (TCO 11) Anthony is sick of writing papers and studying for tests, but he knows he needs a college degree if he wants to be successful in his chosen career. So every morning, Anthony gives himself a dressing down—in essence, yelling at himself—to make himself get out of bed and go to classes and every evening he does the same thing to get himself to do his work. According to Freud, which personality structure is in control here? (Points : 5)IdEgoUnconsciousSuperegoQuestion 11.11. (TCO 11) If Sylvia is described as trustworthy, altruistic, and tender-minded, then she probably is fairly high on the Big Five factor known as _____. (Points : 5)extraversionneuroticismopennessagreeablenessQuestion 12.12. (TCO 11) When a patient arrives in the emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day, the symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a condition that is relevant to the diagnosis? (Points : 5)ManiaDissociative fugueConversion disorderCatatonic schizophreniaQuestion 13.13. (TCO 11) After being passed up for a promotion and then getting into a heated argument with his son, a man disappears. He shows up two weeks later in another town with no memory of who he is or how he got there. He appears to be suffering from _____. (Points : 5)paraphiliaschizophreniaa somatoform disordera dissociative disorderQuestion 14.14. (TCO 12) As Celine begins to reveal more and more of her innermost thoughts and feelings to her psychodynamic therapist, she begins to feel good about him, as well as accepted by him. She develops a sense of trust, particularly because he does not criticize her. What process is occurring? (Points : 5)Unconditional positive regardInsightRationalizationTransferenceQuestion 15.15. (TCO 12) A technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is suddenly exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object in an intense way and is prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is called _____. (Points : 5)systematic desensitizationfloodingparadoxical intentaversive therapyPage 3Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) Summarize Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development. Provide an example for each stage that describes successful resolution of each stage. (Points : 20)Question 2. 2. (TCO 6) What is a Type A personality? Based on current evidence, what is the main personality characteristic involved with heart disease and Type A behavior? How can such a person decrease the possibility of heart disease? Describe a person who has a hardy personality. (Points : 15)Question 3. 3. TCO 13 How do advertisers use the principles of persuasion as discussed in Chapter 12? Pick a television commercial and use it as an example of the components of persuasion. (Points : 15)Question 4. 4. (TCO 11) Distinguish between depression and bipolar disorder. How are they similar? How are they different? (Points : 20)Question 5. 5. (TCO 12) Describe psychoanalysis. Include information about its theoretical background, how it seeks to help people, its key concepts, and an evaluation of its effectiveness. (Points : 20)quiz1.(TCO 10) Assad and Juana believe it is important to reinforce their baby’s curiosity and attempt to interact with her verbally. Assad and Juana believe that _____ is the major contributor to their child’s development.(Points : 5) nurture sensation training nature maturation Question 2. 2.(TCO 10) The germinal period _____.(Points : 5) is about 4 weeks in duration refers to the menstrual cycle of germs is the time where there is development of major organs begins at fertilization and ends with implantation Question 3. 3.(TCO 10) _____ in 100 children are born with fetal alcohol syndrome. (Points : 5) Ten One Twenty FiveQuestion 4. 4.(TCO 10) Regarding an infant’s sensory and perceptual development, which of the following would we not expect?(Points : 5) Vision to be 20/20 at birth. A newborn’s sense of pain highly developed at birth. An infant to recognize, and prefer, its own mother’s breast milk by smell. An infant to recognize, and prefer, its own mother’s breast milk by taste.Question 5. 5.(TCO 10 ) Eric dies of cancer at the age of 65. This was mostly a result of _____.(Points : 5) primary aging- secondary aging programmed theory damage theoryQuestion 6. 6.(TCO 10) In Ainsworth’s studies on infant attachment, the _____ infants sought their mothers’ comfort while also squirming to get away when the mother returned to the room.(Points : 5) anxious/ambivalent caregiver-based insecurely attached dependent Question 7. 7.(TCO 10) A child gives her friend a piece of cake, in hopes that when she forgets her snack one day, her friend will reciprocate the favor. This represents Kohlberg’s _____ level of morality.(Points : 5) concrete preconventional postconventional punishment orientedQuestion 8. 8.(TCO 10) According to Erikson, humans progress through eight stages of psychosocial development. Which of the following is the correct sequence for the successful completion of the second four stages?(Points : 5) Identity „_ intimacy „_ generativity „_ ego integrity Ego integrity „_ trust „_ intimacy „_ generativity Initiative „_ intimacy „_ generativity „_ ego integrity Identity „_ autonomy „_ intimacy „_ generativityQuestion 9. 9.(TCO 10) _____ has consistently been found to be a key factor in successful marriages. (Points : 5) Realistic expectations The ability to fight for equity Satisfying sexual activity Emotional stabilityQuestion 10. 10.(TCO 10) _____ is a key ingredient to a fulfilling old age. (Points : 5) Prolonged sexual activity Continued family support Lack of money problems Active involvementQuestion 11. 11.(TCO 10) Define and illustrate with original examples the concepts schema, assimilation, and accommodation.(Points : 10)1. (TCO 12) What do we call biologically determined, innate patterns of behavior? (Points : 5) drives instincts releasing behaviors universal behaviorsQuestion 2. 2. (TCO 12) Bill has felt isolated and an “outsider” since coming to college for his freshman year. As a result, he decided to rush a fraternity and was very excited when he was selected to pledge. According to Maslow, Bill may be attempting to meet the need of _______________. (Points : 5) freedom belonging transcendence physiologyQuestion 3. 3. (TCO 12) What is the correct sequence of events in emotional response according to the Cannon-Bard theory? (Points : 5) stimulus –> emotion –> physiological changes stimulus –> physiological changes –> emotion physiological changes –> stimulus –> emotion stimulus –> emotion AND physiological changes (simultaneous)Question 4. 4. (TCO 12) Jeremy has been having an affair with another woman. One afternoon his wife came home later than usual and Jeremy became angry – accusing his wife of infidelity. Which defense mechanism is behind Jeremy’s accusation? (Points : 5) denial projection rationalization reaction formationQuestion 5. 5. (TCO 12) According to Carl Rogers, anxiety and neurotic behaviors occur when _________. (Points : 5) a person has low self-esteem there is matching between the real self and ideal self there is a discrepancy between the real self and ideal self the individual receives too much unconditional positive regardQuestion 6. 6. (TCO 12) What is the branch of psychology that is concerned with the study of abnormal behavior? (Points : 5) health psychology psychopathology psychobiology developmental psychologyQuestion 7. 7. (TCO 12) Intruding thoughts that occur again and again are called _________. Repetitive, ritualistic behaviors are called________. (Points : 5) intrusions; impulses obsessions; compulsions impulses; intrusions compulsions; obsessionsQuestion 8. 8. (TCO 12) ______ schizophrenia is characterized by delusions of persecution, grandeur, and jealousy, together with hallucinations. (Points : 5) Disorganized Paranoid Residual CatatonicQuestion 9. 9. (TCO 12) Person-centered therapy is a type of ________ therapy. (Points : 5) insight behavior cognitive realityQuestion 10. 10. (TCO 12) DeMario’s wife, Marta, asks him if he wants some help cutting the grass and weeding the garden. He declines the offer and feels “blue” for the rest of the day because he keeps thinking, “Marta thinks I am getting older and losing my physical abilities.” What type of cognitive distortion is involved here? (Points : 5) minimization overgeneralization selective abstraction arbitrary inferenceQuestion 11. 11. (TCO 12) Why might group therapy be more useful than individual psychotherapy? What are the advantages and disadvantages of group therapy? Describe two types of group therapy. (Points : 10)

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