1) In order for an investigator to know how to prepare for an interrogation or interview they have to know methods such as the “Reid technique.” The Reid technique is a common interrogation program. The Reid technique and other interrogation skills are taught by Reid and Associates and has been categorized by researchers. There are two categories in which these fit: maximization and minimization. Maximization technique is designed to intimidate the suspect especially by making up fake evidence to support accusations of guilt. Minimizations are designed to make the consequences seem less than what they are to gain the suspects trust and get a confession.
Investigators are required to tape record all interviews with suspects under section 60 of our pre-Police and Criminal Evidence (PACE) Act. The difference between interrogation and interviewing is that interrogation was based more on coercive, forceful questioning, and interviewing has since been changed to evidence based questioning of victims and suspects. In interrogation the goal is to gain the trust of the suspect with a means to secure a confession. In interviewing the whole goal is to get as much information and truthful confessions as possible from suspects and witnesses. Another difference in interviewing versus interrogating is the psychological barriers of the victim. Such barriers are victims/suspects not knowing how to tell the truth and the investigator having the skills to get the truth. The main difference is the person being questioned. In an interview they bring in any person and try to find as m much information as possible to solve the case. An interrogation is the questioning of the person who they suspect committed the crime or was involved in some way. There is a common goal between interviews and interrogations: finding the truth.
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