Content Review

| June 9, 2016

Course Text: Discovering Child Development
Page 243: Early Childhood Development
Chapter 8: Physical Development and Health in Early Childhood
Pages 245–251
CD-ROM: Development: Journey Through Childhood and Adolescence
Unit 6: Early Childhood
Learning Launch: Early Childhood: The Cognitive Realm
Course Text: Discovering Child Development
Chapter 9: Cognitive and Language Development in Early Childhood
Pages 269–287 (Read to “How Does Early Childhood Education Influence Development?”)
Chapter 10: Social and Emotional Development in Early Childhood
Pages 299–315 (Read to “How Do Parenting Behaviors and Family Context Influence Young Children’s Development?”)
Pages 326–331 (Read from “Young Children’s Friendships” to “Differences in the Quality of Sibling Relationships”)
Online Reading: Week 3: Sum It Up (PDF format)

From Exploring Child Development (2nd ed.) by Richard Fabes and Carol Lynn Martin

Published by Allyn and Bacon, Boston, MA. Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education. Used by permission of the publisher.

Optional Resources

Web Article: “Understanding Physical Development in Young Children” by Sean Brotherson (PDF format)

Web Site: Six Stages to a Strong Self-Image

Web Site: Growing Ideas: Friends & Feelings: Social-Emotional Development in Young Children

Friends & Feelings: Social-Emotional Development in Young Children – Selected Resources

Web Report: “Children’s Developmental Benchmarks and Stages: A Summary Guide to Appropriate Arts Activities,” an excerpt from the Arts Education Partnership report Young Children and the Arts: Making Creative Connections (PDF format)

Content Review


Respond to each item. Each response should be concise and between two and three paragraphs in length.
Use MS Word to write your responses, and submit your answers to all three questions in one Word document.
Copy and paste each question within the document, so that your instructor can see which question you are responding to.

As in all stages of development, brain growth is an important influence on children—physically, cognitively, and socially and emotionally. Review page 247 in your course text and then explain how continuing development in the prefrontal cortex area of the brain can affect young children’s readiness to enter the more structured environments of kindergarten and the primary grades. Considering that each child develops in his or her unique way, what are some of the challenges (physically, cognitively, and socially and emotionally) that children might encounter when they start formal schooling such as kindergarten, despite being the appropriate age?

Between the ages of 3 and 7, children’s fine- and gross-motor skills advance considerably. Review “Milestones in Motor Development,” Figure 8.4 on page 250 of your course text. Based on the information you have learned from the Learning Resources for this week, explain at least two ways changes in motor competency may impact children’s development and skills in the cognitive domain and in the social and emotional domain.

Review the sections “Young Children’s Understanding of Pretend and Real” (pp. 280–281) and “Young Children at Play” (pp. 328–330) in your course text. Then explain how pretend play has the potential to enhance children’s development in all of the domains.

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