Comprehensive financial accounting project

| June 13, 2016

Question
MBA520– Comprehensive Financial Accounting Project

This project should be completed using Excel (with formulas and linked data). The parameters of the project are below:

1. Prepare an Income Statement for the year ended 2015. This statement should be flexibly designed (formulas in cells). This should be a multi-step income statement (see video and/or exhibit 4.1 on pg. 4-5). To the right of your dollars in this statement, show common-sized percentages based on sales (vertical analysis).

2. Show journal entries, adjusting entries and closing entries for the below additional information…none of the journal entries have been posted to the ledger (many journal entries have been booked to get you started, however none of the entries for 2015 have been posted). You can add a transaction analysis (not required), however you must complete the entries in the Excel template.

Prepare a Statement of Retained Earnings for the year ended 2015. This statement should be flexibly designed.
Prepare a Balance Sheet dated Dec. 31, 2015. Have the Balance Sheets for 12/31/14 and 12/31/15 on the same Excel sheet labeled Balance Sheets. Again, a flexible design is required so any changes will automatically update the balance sheet.
Prepare a Statement of Cash Flows using the indirect method for the year ended 2015. The Statement of Cash Flows (operating section) should automatically change when assumptions are changed. The ending cash as shown on the statement of cash flows will then flow to the Balance Sheet. Cash flow videos are still available in the classroom for your review and appendix B in your textbook contains additional information that you might find helpful.
Analysis: On a separate sheet titled “Analysis” compute the following and show in a table (show your work below your table); your table should look similar to that on page 4-21:
ROE for 2015
ROA for 2015
RNOA for 2015
Stockholders’ Equity for 2014 and 2015
NOPAT for 2015
NOA for 2014 and 2015
Current Ratio for 2014 and 2015
Quick Ratio for 2014 and 2015
Liabilities-to-Equity Ratio for 2014 and 2015

Your Name, Inc.

Balance Sheet

12/31/2014

Current Assets

Cash $17,000

Marketable Securities (Short-term) 2,000

Accounts Receivable 14,000

Allowance for Bad Debt (2,000)

Inventory 15,000

Prepaid Insurance 5,000

Total Current Assets $51,000

Property, Plant, and Equipment

Land $30,000

Building 150,000

Accumulated Dep. – Building (45,000)

Equipment 100,000

Accumulated Dep. – Equipment (20,000)

Total PPE $215,000

Total Assets $266,000

Current Liabilities

Accounts Payable $9,000

Unearned Revenue 2,000

Income Taxes Payable 3,000

Total Current Liabilities $14,000

Long-term Liabilities

Bonds, 10%, due in 2018 $100,000

Equity

Common Stock $ 50,000

(100,000 authorized, 50,000 issued)

Additional Pd.-in Capital 80,000

Retained Earnings 22,000

Total Equity $152,000

Total Liabilities & Equity $266,000

Additional Information (for all entries; please see the posted Excel spreadsheet with a few journal entries already provided):

Sales for 2015 are $310,000. All sales are on credit.
Gross Margin ratio is 40 percent
Accounts Receivable:
i. $190,000 of the accounts receivable is paid by the end of the year (the remaining balance remains on the balance sheet).

ii. $4,000 of A/R is written off during the year.

iii. 5% of Accounts Receivable (after write-off and collections) is considered to be uncollectible.

Inventory:
i. Inventory purchases are $180,000, all on credit.

ii. All accounts payable is from inventory purchases; all but $12,000 of inventory purchased is paid by the end of the year.

Additional equipment is purchased on 4/1/15 for $20,000 cash. All equipment when new, including the new purchase, has/had a five year life, no salvage value, and is depreciated using the straight-line method.
The building depreciates at $5,000 per year.
Half of the marketable securities were sold for $1,200. The FMV and cost of the other half of the securities are the same, so no adjustment to FMV is required.
Salaries are $2,200 per month (12 months of salaries expense must be booked). It is expected that one-half month will be owed on 12/31/15 because of when payday falls (therefore, 11.5 months of salaries have been paid and ½ month is still owed to the employees at year end).
$55,000 in cash is borrowed on 9/30/15 by issuing a Note Payable. Interest is 8% per year.
The bonds were sold at face value last December and pay interest on Dec. 31, 2015.
10,000 additional shares of stock were sold for $3 a share.
Insurance costing $18,000 was purchased on 6/1/15 (the same time in which the policy purchased in 2014 expired. The new policy was for 12 months).
On Dec. 31, 2015 shares of stock are repurchased from the market at $2.90/share (treasury stock).
The tax rate is 30 percent. Income taxes for the current year are due and therefore paid during the first two months of the next year (you will have complete an entry to pay the 2014 taxes, however the 2015 taxes will not be paid until the end of January 2016).
Dividends of $3,000 were paid during 2015.
The unearned revenue has been earned during the year (classified as other revenue on the multi-step income stmt.).
Required Labeled Sheets (all statements should be for 2015):

Data Sheet for Additional Data
Entries: Basic and Adjusting (you do not have to show closing entries, however keep in mind all temporary accounts are closed to retained earnings)
Adjusted Trial Balance for 2015 (includes the posted amounts of all entries and adjusting entries)
Multi-step Income Statement
Retained Earnings Statement
Classified Balance Sheet
Cash Flow Statement
Post-Close Trial Balance for 2015
Analysis
The Post-Close Trial Balance for 2014 is provided below (based on the above balance sheet). This can be used as a starting point or you can use the above Balance Sheet; keep in mind all debits and credits ALWAYS equal AND Assets = Liabilities + Equity:

Your Name, Inc.

Post Close Trial Balance

31-Dec-14

DEBITS

CREDITS

Cash

17,000

Marketable Securities

2,000

Accounts Rec.

14,000

Allowance for Bad Debt

2,000

Inventory

15,000

Prepaid Insurance

5,000

Land

30,000

Building

150,000

Accumulated Dep. – Building

45,000

Equipment

100,000

Accumulated Dep. – Equipment

20,000

Accounts Payable

9,000

Salaries Payable

Unearned Revenue

2,000

Interest Payable

Income Taxes Payable

3,000

Note Payable

Bonds

100,000

Common Stock

50,000

Additional Pd-in-Capital

80,000

Retained Earnings

22,000

333,000

333,000

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