Business Laws

| June 8, 2016

Question
Running Head: CRITICAL LEGAL THINKING CASE ASSIGNMENT 2

Critical Legal Thinking Case Assignment One
Samuel Student

Business Law and Ethics

BUL 3130

September 9, 2009

Abstract

The federal government has power to regulate interstate commerce under the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution. States may regulate interstate commerce pursuant to their police powers. Such state regulation is invalid if it unduly burdens interstate commerce, or if it conflicts with valid federal regulation. The factual scenario presents a conflict between federal and state regulation of the dimensions of oil tanker ships entering Puget Sound. Analysis of the principles of law and key facts determines that the state regulation is invalid and the federal regulation is valid.

Critical Legal Thinking Case Assignment One

Analysis of the principles of law and key facts determine that the state of Washington’s regulation of the dimensions of oil tankers entering Puget Sound is unconstitutional.

Areas and Principles of Law

The areas of law applicable to the factual scenario are the Interstate Commerce Clause; state police power to regulate interstate commerce; and the Supremacy Clause

The Interstate Commerce Clause permits Congress to regulate interstate commerce—commerce between the states, foreign nations or Indian nations. States can also regulate interstate commerce as part of their police power to protect or promote public health, safety, morals and general welfare. However, if the state regulation is unduly burdensome on interstate commerce it will be unconstitutional because it violates the Interstate Commerce Clause. Further, if Congress has regulated in the area: the Supremacy Clause prohibits conflicting regulation of the same area by the states; and if Congress has expressly provided that its regulation is exclusive, then the states are prohibited from any regulation in the affected area. (Bagley, C., & Savage, D., 2006).

Key Facts

Congress has regulated the design, length, and size of oil tankers in inland waterways. This regulation is also in coordination with foreign countries. There is no federal expression that its regulation is to be exclusive. The state of Washington has enacted conflicting regulations regarding the size of oil tankers traveling in its territorial waters. ARCO’s oil tankers used to bring oil into Washington’s inland waterways comply with the federal regulation, but not with the Washington regulation. ARCO filed suit against Washington to have the state regulation declared unconstitutional.

Analysis

Argument: Congress has the power, under the Interstate Commerce Clause to regulate the size of oil tankers to conform to international standards (pinpoint citation). In this instance, the commerce of transporting oil affects commerce both with other nations, and between states. The state of Washington also has the right pursuant to its police power to regulate the size of oil tankers traveling in its territorial waters because it is related to safety. Counterargument: However, such regulation must not impose an undue burden on interstate commerce. The Washington regulation violates the Supremacy Clause because it conflicts with valid federal regulation. An argument can also be made that the state regulation is an undue burden on interstate commerce because it requires a smaller size vessel than allowed by international standards (pinpoint citation).

Conclusion

The Washington regulation is unconstitutional because it violates the Supremacy Clause. It is also likely unconstitutional because it violates the Commerce clause by creating an undue burden on interstate commerce.

References

Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved from .cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html”>http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html

Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. Retrieved from .nytimes.com/”>http://www.nytimes.com

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