Ashworth Co6 business ethics exam 1

| June 4, 2016

Question
Part 1 of 1 –

Question 1 of 20

5.0 Points

How do we stimulate moral development in ourselves?

A. experience difficult ethical decisions ourselves

B. engage in interaction and discussion of moral issues with people around us

C. read about how others have dealt with ethical decisions

D. avoid ethically dubious situations

Question 2 of 20

5.0 Points

What is “stakeholder theory”?  

A. Corporate managers are obligated only to the shareholders, and no one else, because they own the corporation.

B. Corporate managers are obligated only to the customers, and no one else, because they are the lifeblood of the corporation.

C. Corporate managers should consider everyone, including outside interests, when making a decision.

D. Corporate managers should consider all groups or individuals who can affect the achievement of an organization’s objectives.

Question 3 of 20

5.0 Points

Why did Dr. P. Roy Vagelos, Merck’s head of research and development, decide to fund Ivermectin development to cure river blindness?

A. because of its large profit potential

B. because he decided it was the ethical choice

C. because it was both ethical and profitable

D. because governments would be interested in buying the drug

Question 4 of 20

5.0 Points

Which of the following is not an argument for bringing ethics into business?

A. A business will collapse if all its managers, employees, and customers steal, lie, or break agreements.

B. Ethical people will be more loyal customers and will spend more money.

C. A stable society is necessary to conduct business dealings.

D. None of the above

Question 5 of 20

5.0 Points

What is NOT one of the arguments against globalization?

A. It harms national unity.

B. It has spread inequality between nations.

C. It leaves behind poorer nations that have only cheap agricultural products to sell.

D. It erodes local cultural diversity.

Question 6 of 20

5.0 Points

Moral standards can be distinguished from non-moral standards using what characteristics?

A. They deal with matters that can seriously injure or benefit humans.

B. They are not established or changed by authoritative bodies.

C. They are based on impartial considerations.

D. None of the above

E. All the above

Question 7 of 20

5.0 Points

Which of the following are necessary for moral reasoning?  

A. cognition

B. logic

C. emotions

D. all of the above

Question 8 of 20

5.0 Points

In the Integrative Social Contracts Theory, what is the term for moral standards that should be applied to people in all societies?

A. social norms

B. microsocial norms

C. hypernorms

D. macrosocial norms

Question 9 of 20

5.0 Points

What happens during the Conventional Stages of Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Moral Development?

A. Children can see moral rights and wrongs.

B. Children can apply the labels good, bad, right, and wrong.

C. Children satisfy their own needs through right actions.

D. The person tries to see right and wrong impartially.

Question 10 of 20

5.0 Points

According to Gilligan’s Theory of Female Moral Development, how do males typically tend to deal with moral issues?

A. in an emotionally biased manner

B. in a manner based on family and community norms

C. in terms of specific, personal moral principles

D. in terms of impersonal, abstract moral principles

Question 11 of 20

5.0 Points

The term for the worldwide process by which the economic and social systems of nations become connected is called __________.  

A. connectivity

B. internationalization

C. multinationalism

D. globalization

Question 12 of 20

5.0 Points

To evaluate the adequacy of moral reasoning, ethicists employ what criteria?

A. Moral reasoning must be logical.

B. Factual evidence must be accurate, relevant, and complete.

C. Moral standards must be consistent.

D. All of the above

Question 13 of 20

5.0 Points

What are the two stages within the first level (Preconventional level. of Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Moral Development?

A. punishment and obedience orientation; instrumental and relative orientation

B. interpersonal concordance orientation; law and order orientation

C. social contract orientation; universal moral principles orientation

D. microsocial norm orientation; interpersonal concordance orientation

Question 14 of 20

5.0 Points

Which of the following is one definition of the term ethics?

A. the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group

B. the process of adhering to all laws and regulations

C. an alternate term for morality

D. a term describing why people are good or evil

Question 15 of 20

5.0 Points

Why do many Ivory Coast cocoa farmers use young boys as slave labor?

A. It is the cheapest farming method, and the farmers are only interested in their huge profits.

B. There are no other people available to work the land in such remote areas due to civil war.

C. The farmers have no control over their selling prices due to middlemen, so some resort to child labor to cut costs.

D. The chocolate companies force them to use child labor.

Question 16 of 20

5.0 Points

What are the three elements of moral responsibility?

A. causality, forethought, knowledge

B. causality, knowledge, malice

C. causality, knowledge, freedom

D. freedom, knowledge, malice

Question 17 of 20

5.0 Points

Carol Gilligan criticizes Kohlberg’s theory on the basis of what?

A. Not all societies implicitly teach right and wrong.

B. His theory did not include people from other cultures.

C. His theory did not include different age groups.

D. His theory was based mostly on male subjects.

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Question 18 of 20

5.0 Points

Though business ethics covers a variety of topics, three basic types of issues are __________.

A. systemic, corporate, and public

B. systemic, corporate, and individual

C. individual, group, and social

D. none of the above

Question 19 of 20

5.0 Points

How many stages of moral development did Lawrence Kohlberg identify?

A. two

B. six

C. three

D. twelve

Question 20 of 20

5.0 Points

The ISCT framework describes two kinds of moral standards: hypernorms and microsocial norms. What does ISCT stand for?

A. Implicit Social Cognitive Transition

B. Integrative Social Contracts Theory

C. International Social Consensus Theory

D. Integral Society Cognition Theory

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