Article review

| December 7, 2015

Article review
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Reading a Research Article (Olney, 2002)

The following is a list of items to look for when reading a research article. Please note that I have not asked you to examine statistical analysis, as this is not a statistics class. You do need to be aware of what the researchers are examining, how they are conducting their research, and what results they find. Use the following to help you pick apart the information presented.

Read the abstract at the beginning of the article as it should give you a summary of the research reported so you will know what to look for.

The first section is the literature review where the authors state their case for the research and provide supporting evidence as to why they are doing the research. Do not report on this section as it is for information purposes only. If you read something in this section that is interesting to you, then go look up the article that the authors cite. This section is a good place to look for resources if you plan on researching a similar topic. The hypothesis for the study is usually located in the last paragraph of this section.

The next section is the method section. Here the authors will describe how they conducted their study along with the types of analysis they did with the data.

In the results section, the authors will describe what they found after analyzing the data collected. Sometimes charts and figures will be listed here to show the reader the actual results of their analysis.

The last section is the discussion or conclusion section. Be careful here as some authors will make inferences or conclusions that are not based on the results of their data.

Here are some questions to keep in mind when reading a research article:

1. Who are the authors? What year was it published? You will need this information to reference the article.

2. What was their hypothesis? Describe what they hope to find.

3. What did they study? Describe the elements they decided to study.
4. Where did the study occur? This may help you figure out if the results can be applied to people here in NJ.

5. What is their sample size? Look to see how many people they studied. Do they have enough participants to make the results meaningful? Was there a lot of participant attrition?

6. How did they perform the study (Method)? Summarize how they did the study in your own words.

7. What were the results and outcomes? Describe what they found by paraphrasing.
8. Look at the tables, charts, and/or figures to help you understand the results and outcomes. Sometimes the charts or figures can be confusing but mostly they can help you to understand confusing writing. There is no need to comment about these, just about the information you learn by looking at them.

9. What future research or directions do they suggest? Describe what they suggest as the next steps in research. This is located in the discussion section.

10. Think about the value the results have to Psychiatric rehabilitation. Describe the implications for incorporating the results into practice.

Since this is a guide, it is intended to help you find out the important information in a research article. When you write your summary, you want to summarize your findings, which means you are not re-writing the whole article, but reporting on the highlights. Please do not report on all of the above 10 items: example: The charts were confusing. This is meaningless to the reader. If the charts were confusing, you are then just going to report on what you read and will ignore the charts. Or if the charts were helpful, do not say the charts were helpful. Just report on the information you learned by looking at the charts.

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