APU SCIN360 QUIZ 4 [ 2014 ]

| August 14, 2017

Part 1 of 1 – 100.0/
100.0 Points

Question 1 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
Which of the following is the inner layer of the kidney’s
functional tissue?
A.A. ureter
B.B. renal pelvis
C.C. renal cortex
D.D. renal medulla

Question 2 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
The ____ is the tube that carries urine out of the bladder.
A.A. ureter
B.B. urethra
C.C. renal pelvis
D.D. renal cortex

Question 3 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
The main process that occurs at the glomerulus is _____.
A.A. diffusion.
B.B. osmosis.
C.C. filtration.
D.D. active
transport.

Question 4 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
The main sign of nephrotic syndrome is _____.
A.A. glucosuria
B.B. polyuria
C.C. uremia
D.D. proteinuria

Question 5 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
A major sign of acute renal failure is _____.
A.A. oliguria
B.B. uremia
C.C. proteinuria
D.D. polyuria

Question 6 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
A test of the density of urine will reveal the urine’s
_____.
A.A. BUN
B.B. specific gravity
C.C. creatinine
clearance
D.D. urea clearance

Question 7 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
Which of the following is fluid within cells?
A.A. extracellular
fluid
B.B. intercellular
fluid
C.C. intracellular fluid
D.D. interstitial
fluid

Question 8 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
_____ is the most abundant positive ion in the extracellular
fluid.
A.A. Potassium
B.B. Calcium
C.C. Bicarbonate
D.D. Sodium

Question 9 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
An acid/base imbalance with elevated carbon dioxide levels
and a pH of less than 7.35 is called _____.
A.A. respiratory acidosis
B.B. respiratory
alkalosis
C.C. metabolic
acidosis
D.D. metabolic
alkalosis

Question 10 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
Which of the following hormones could be related to a
calcium ion imbalance?
A.A. aldosterone
B.B. parathyroid hormone
C.C. estrogen
D.D. thyroid hormone

Question 11 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
The kidneys secrete the hormone erythropoietin and the
enzyme renin.

A. True
B. False

Question 12 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
When more ADH is being secreted, a patient’s urine appears
very light in color.

A. True
B. False

Question 13 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
The elimination of nitrogenous waste materials assists in
maintaining the body’s acid-base balance.

A. True
B. False

Question 14 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
Pyelonephritis is urinary tract infection that is contained
in the bladder.

A. True
B. False

Question 15 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
The _____ arterioles bring blood away from the
glomerulus.

Question 16 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
_____ is inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidney.

Answer Key:
Question 17 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
A condition of low blood potassium levels is called
_____.
Question 18 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
An abnormally high blood pH is called _____.

Question 19 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
Give a brief 1-2 sentence explanation to the question: How
could long term acidosis lead to dysrhythmias, especially in an individual with
compromised kidneys?
Question 20 of 20
5.0/ 5.0 Points
Give a brief 1-2 sentence explanation to the question: How
does glomerulonephritis lead to proteinuria?

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