A Canadian firm, is evaluating a project in the United States and A U.S.- based firm, is considering a five- year p

| June 7, 2016

Question
A Canadian firm, is evaluating a project in the United States. This project involves the establishment of a lumber mill in Wisconsin to process Canadian timber. The factory expects to service clients in the construction industry. All cash flow figures are in thousands. Initial Investment. The initial investment is CAD 25,000. The project is over a period of three years. This investment will be depreciated straight line to zero. Operating Results. The firm expects two equally likely scenarios for the first year of operations. Under the favorable scenario, the firm expects to produce and sell 1,200 units of a product. Under the unfavorable scenario, it expects to produce and sell only 600 units. The selling price is expected to be CAD 25; the variable expense is expected to be CAD 10, and fixed costs excluding depreciation are expected to be CAD 3,500. Additional Investment. If the firm encounters the favorable scenario during year 1, it could make an investment of CAD 15,000 to enable it to produce and sell a total of 3,500 units (additional units is 2,300) in the second and third years. The cost parameters remain unchanged with the exception of depreciation. This secondary investment will be depreciated equally in years 2 and 3. If the firm chooses not to make the investment in year 1, the results of year 1 will be repeated during years 2 and 3. Discount Rate and Miscellaneous. Assume a discount rate of 9 percent and zero taxes.

a. Estimate the NPV of the project.

b. Estimate the NPV of the option to expand.

A U.S.- based firm, is considering a five- year project in Turkey. The following information is available about the project: Initial investment. The initial investment of USD 750,000 is used to .homeworkminutes.com/question/view/80467/A-US-based-firm-is-considering-a-five-year-project-in-Turkey#”>purchase capital equipment. This equipment will be depreciated straight line to zero. At the end of five years, the remaining equipment will be sold for Turkish lira (TRY) 250,000. Working capital. The investment in working capital is TRY 200,000. There are no changes in working capital until the end of the project when the full amount is recovered. Units, price, and costs. The firm will produce 1,250 units of a product annually. The selling price is expected to be TRY 600 in the first year. This price is expected to increase at a rate of 6 percent annually. The direct expense per unit is expected to be TRY 150 in the first year. This is expected to increase at a rate of 8 percent annually. Indirect expenses are expected to be TRY 65,000 annually. Taxes and miscellaneous. Turkish taxes on income and capital gains are 33 percent. There are no additional withholding taxes. All cash flows are repatriated when generated, and there are no additional U. S. taxes. The parity conditions are assumed to hold between Turkey and the UnitedStates. The relevant inflation indexes indicate a rate of 3 percent for the United States and 5 percent for Turkey. Spot USDTRY equals 2.5. Brady’s USD denominated WACC is 12 percent.

a. Calculate TRY cash flows

. b. What is the appropriate TRY discount rate? Calculate the project NPV.

c. Use parity conditions to generate future spot rates. Calculate the project NPV in USD.

d. Calculate break- even units.

e. Now assume that the TRY rate of annual depreciation doesn’t follow parity conditions. What is the break- even rate of depreciation in TRY? Assuming the USD inflation is unchanged, what is the TRY inflation rate consistent with this break- even depreciation?

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